Conspiracy theories involving Jews
Conspiracy theories involving Jews refer to a wide variety of conspiracy theories with Jews as claimed conspirators.
Some examples of such conspiracy theories include:
- Conspiracy theories involving claimed actions by Israel, Israeli organizations such as Mossad, or non-Israeli Jews acting as agents for Israel. For example, conspiracy theories involving the USS Liberty attack, the 2001 anthrax attacks, the 9/11 attacks, and the John F. Kennedy assassination. Argued motivations include causing others countries to make wars on enemies of Israel and the (early) Israeli nuclear weapons program. Jews in various countries have been convicted of espionage for Israel.
- Conspiracy theories involving claimed pro-communist activities by some Jews. One argued motivation is that communism was perceived as beneficial for Jews. Such theories may also argue that Jews were prominent among those convicted for espionage for communist states. See also Jews and Communism and McCarthyism.
- Conspiracy theories involving claimed support for revolutions or revolutionary attempts by some Jews. One argued motivation is anti-Jewish policies under the old regime. Such conspiracy theories are on topics such as Oliver Cromwell, the French Revolution, the stab in the back theory, the Russian Revolution (1917), various other Communist revolutions/attempted revolutions, and the Color revolutions.
- Conspiracy theories involving claimed support for starting wars, such as various wars seen as beneficial for Israel, the Opium Wars, the Second Boer War, and WWI and WWII (see Revisionist views on the causes of the World Wars).
- Conspiracy theories involving revenge for persecutions of Jews, such as Nakam or by communist Jews in organizations such as the secret police in countries with anti-Jewish policies before the communist regime.
- Conspiracy theories involving wealthy Jewish families, such as the Rothschild family and "The Cousinhood".
- Conspiracy theories involving claimed Jewish finance, such as the Federal Reserve System and the global financial crisis of 2008–2009.
- Conspiracy theories involving Jewish oligarchs in Russia.
- Conspiracy theories involving non-Jews (sometimes very famous and prominent non-Jews) being bribed or blackmailed in various ways in order to serve Jewish interests.
- Conspiracy theories involving well poisoning, host desecration, and Jewish ritual murder.
- Conspiracy theories involving Jews and Freemasons. See also Judeo-Masonry.
- Worldwide ("International Jewry") conspiracy theories, such as The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
- Conspiracy theories involving conspiracy theories, such as The Protocols of the Elders of Zion suggested to be black propaganda intended to discredit criticisms (see the article on The Protocols of the Elders of Zion).
There are conspiracies that do not involve Jewish ethnic or Israeli interests, but that may involve, for example, personal financial gain. Jews may be claimed to have been involved in such conspiracies. See also Race and crime: Organized crime
Criticisms of conspiracy theories involving Jews may sometimes use what may be a straw man tactic by implying that all conspiracy theories involving Jews are variations of or similar to The Protocols of the Elders of Zion and that all conspiracy theories involving Jews therefore should be summarily dismissed without further discussion.
The label "conspiracy theory" may, possibly as a form of ad hominem, also be applied by critics to various theories or views that supporters may deny are conspiracy theories. Examples include the Jewish group evolutionary strategy, Cultural Marxism, and a large Jewish influence.
Secret conspiracies involving Jews are often conflated with organizations and informal networks more or less openly working for Jewish and/or Israeli interests. They exist in many countries, may be very powerful, and may more or less openly coordinate and cooperate with one another towards common goals. Examples include:
Such organizations may also be accused of being involved in secret conspiracies and espionage. See, for example, the article on the Anti-Defamation League.
There may be more or less open attempts to influence non-Jews to favor Jewish and/or Israeli interests, such as by campaign contributions to politicians by the Israel lobby.
There are also Jews who as individuals may in various way promote Jewish or Israeli interests, despite not being part of any organized group. Such individuals by definition do not form a conspiracy but may still be influential.
See the article on Jewish influence regarding Jewish influence in general.