B'nai B'rith

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The B'nai B'rith (Hebrew literally meaning "Children of the Covenant") is a Jews-only, pro-Jewish, and Zionist organization with similarities to Freemasonry.

The organization was founded in New York City in 1843. "Despite its fraternal and local beginnings, B'nai B'rith spoke out for Jewish rights early in its history and used its growing national chain of lodges as a way to exercise political influence on behalf of world Jewry. In 1851, for example, it circulated petitions urging Secretary of State Daniel Webster to demand the end of Jewish disabilities in Switzerland, during on-going trade negotiations. Into the 1920s the B'nai B'rith continued in its political work by joining in Jewish delegations and lobbying efforts through which American Jews sought to influence public policy, both domestic and foreign. B'nai B'rith also played a crucial role in transnational Jewish politics. The later spread of the organization around the world made it a nerve center of intra-Jewish communication and mutual endeavor."[1]

The controversial Anti-Defamation League was founded in 1913 as a branch of the B'nai B'rith, although now stated to be independent.

The B'nai B'rith is affiliated with the World Jewish Congress.

See also

External links

  • Website
  • B'nai B'rith - Less politically correct description of origins, stated to be based on an official history book

References

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.