Zionism is a Jewish nationalist ideology and movement created during the 1800s in order to establish an ethnically/racially Jewish nation state in the Middle East. This cause found its realization in the creation of the state of Israel in 1948 after the end of British rule, realizing the promises of the Balfour declaration. Zionism is supported by the Israel lobby and various form of Jewish influence more generally.
Published in 1862, Moses Hess laid the foundation of what is considered as the philosophical base of Zionism, with the book Rome and Jerusalem. It calls upon Jewish nationalism and the need to establish a national state for the Jews. However, Hess never used the term "Zionsim". Instead, he argued for a national Jewish state based upon socialism. The term "Zionism" was coined by Nathan Birnbaum in 1890.
In 1896, Theodor Herzl published the book Judenstaat (The Jewish State). Herzl argued for the practical means to create a Jewish national state. Herzl also assembled the first Zionist congress in Basel, Switzerland, in 1897.
Hypocrisy and double standards
Zionists individuals and organizations have frequently been criticized for hypocrisy and double standards, supporting Jewish nationalism and an ethnically/racially Jewish nation state in Israel, while at the same time opposing White nationalism and supporting mass immigration and multiculturalism elsewhere.
See also Jews and immigration.
Opposition to Zionism
The Palestinians who have lost their homes in the creation of Israel are among those opposed to its existence. Among Jews, the orthodox Neturei Karta group opposes Zionism as blasphemy. Zionism was formerly opposed by some powerful Jews who feared that the creation of a Jewish state would cause them to lose their power and influence (such as ownership of newspapers and real estate), as such control could not be exercised if all the Jews migrated to Israel. Opposition also comes from some who oppose Zionism's promotion of Jewish racial identity.
|“||For a while Zionists try to make the rest of the world believe that the national consciousness of the Jew finds its satisfaction in the creation of a Palestinian state, the Jews again slyly dupe the dumb "Goyim". It doesn't even enter their heads to build up a Jewish state in Palestine for the purpose of living there; all they want is a central organization for their international world swindle, endowed with its own sovereign rights and removed from the intervention of other states.||”|
|“||There is no Sabbath Judaism without Zionism. Every daily prayer of the observing Jew carries the undertone of return to Zion. The four great holidays of the Jewish faith are imbedded in Zionist law and Zionist home-coming. Judaism is as little possible without Zionism as Christianity without Christ.||”|
—Dagobert D. Runes, A World Without Jews, 1959.
- Jewish hypocrisy on ethnonationalism in Israel versus the Diaspora: A picture is worth a thousand words http://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2012/05/jewish-hypocrisy-on-ethnonationalism-in-israel-versus-the-diaspora-a-picture-is-worth-a-thousand-words/
- Jewish Virtual Library - Nathan Birnbaum(Pseudonym: Mathias Acher)
- Herzl Jewish Virtual Library - Herzl, Theodor