Multiculturalism is one argued strategy for dealing with a culturally non-homogeneous society. In such a society, the different cultures are meant to co-exist without separating from one another. Alternatives a diverse society can follow are:
- Segregation - Different cultures are kept separate from one another.
- Assimilation - Minority cultures adopt the culture of the majority.
- Integration - All cultures blend into a common culture.
Multiculturalism assumes there are no important biological forces keeping different groups set apart. It envisions a world where all cultures live in peace and unity, and it is possible to experience other cultures the same as own's own. Opponents hold this is an impossible fantasy that leads to alienation and anomie, especially when different ethnic groups are together.
It is not necessary to import an entire foreign population and keep their original culture intact in order to enjoy exotic foods, exotic music, etc. Such superficial aspects can (if they are actually positive contributions) be copied by indigenous businesses, without having to resort to mass immigration.
The fact that there are no culturally divided societies that are even remotely like the multicultural harmonious utopia should cause concern, but is instead ignored.
Most historical, non-socialist empires having many cultures have if anything practiced extensive segregation. The different cultures are usually allowed very extensive autonomy to manage their own affairs (including having separate law systems), as long as they pay taxes to the empire. The different groups to a large degree self-segregate from one another in the empire. Despite this, and the threat of large scale violence from the empire if there is unrest, there have often been inter-group conflicts and inter-group violence if different cultures co-exist in the same area.
Different cultures are often not compatible with one another. They may have customs and laws that cannot be reconciled with one another. Religions and socialist ideologies may demand that the whole world should in the end be converted to their own religion/ideology and that other views should be prohibited. Proponents of multiculturalism often implicitly think that such cultures will change their beliefs in order to be compatible with one another, but that is arguably assumed future assimilation/integration instead of multiculturalism. See Islamization and anti-Islamization: Opinion surveys of Muslims on surveys of Muslim immigrants finding other results than the declining support for fundamentalism often assumed by liberals.
Also, the mass migration to White countries is so large that Whites will soon become minorities and may then be forced to assimilate (assuming they are not forced to White flight or killed), rather than live in multicultural utopias.
Research on biological/genetic mechanisms related to racial genetic interests has found that different groups tend to feel more empathy for and favor their own group which makes group conflict very difficult to avoid. This research also implies that assimilation/integration may not work unless the different groups are genetically similar. Thus, the different immigrant European groups to the United States could be assimilated/integrated, but this may not work with immigrant groups that are more genetically different.
Research on the effects of ethnic heterogeneity can be seen as research on the effects of multiculturalism or diversity more generally. It has found numerous and very negative effects.
See Migration: Surverys on recent surveys, many of which include multicultural aspects.
- Al-Andalus - Lacking any good example of a current multicultural utopia, supporters of multiculturalism have instead often claimed that Al-Andalus (medieval Islamic Iberia) was one, before being destroyed by White Christians.
- Cosmopolitanism - A concept different from and possibly contrary to multiculturalism.
- Cultural Marxism
- E pluribus unum
- Melting pot
- No-go area
- South Africa - The "Rainbow nation".
- The Mantra
- The New Colossus
- White demographics
- White flight
- White separatism - Rejecting multiculturalism and ethnic heterogeneity more generally.
- Multiculturalism and Marxism by Frank Ellis
- Multiculturalism and the War Against White America
- The claustrophobia of diversity by Robert Henderson