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Humans, known taxonomically as Homo sapiens (Latin: "wise man" or "knowing man"),[1][2] are the only extant species in the Homo genus of bipedal primates in Hominidae, the great ape family. However, in some cases "human" is used to refer to any member of the genus Homo.


The species consists of various races, the primary divisions of which are caucasoid, mongoloid, negroid, capoid, australoid, and amerindian (primitive proto-mongoloid). There are various population groups that are mixed such as mestizos in the Americas and 3/4th caucasoid mulattoes in the Middle East. The population group in the area of South Asia around India has a mixture of caucasoid, australoid, and mongoloid.


Proponents of the Multiregional origins model sink erectus and "archaic" humans into a single, Homo sapiens species.

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  1. Goodman M, Tagle D, Fitch D, Bailey W, Czelusniak J, Koop B, Benson P, Slightom J (1990). "Primate evolution at the DNA level and a classification of hominoids". J Mol Evol 30 (3): 260–266. doi:10.1007/BF02099995. PMID 2109087.
  2. Hominidae Classification. Animal Diversity Web @ UMich. Retrieved on 2006-09-25.