Caucasoids

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Specific races
Ainu
Amerindians
Ancient Egyptians
Australoids
Caucasoids
East Asians
Europeans
Gypsies
Han Chinese
Indo-Europeans
Jews
Khoisan
Negritos
Pygmies
Sub-Saharan Africans
Sumerians
Satellite imagery of Eurasia. The Himalayas mountain range in Asia (and the deserts and the mountain ranges bordering on the Himalayas) as well as the Sahara desert in northern Africa can be clearly distinguished.

The term Caucasoids or Caucasians properly refers to a major race which originates in a geographic area which includes Europe, Northern Africa, and West Asia. This area corresponds to major geographic barriers that made contacts and genetic exchange between different groups difficult: Oceans, the Sahara desert, and the Himalayas mountain range (and the deserts and the mountain ranges bordering on the Himalayas).

The terms derive from the Caucasus Mountains between the Black and Caspian sea. The term Caucasians was introduced in 1795 (in German) by the German anthropologist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach because the supposed ancestral origin lay in this region.[1]

A more correct geographic description of the Caucasoids may be "West Eurasians and North Africans".

Especially in the United States, the term Caucasians may refer exclusively to Europeans.

In Europe, especially in Russia and nearby, Caucasian usually describes exclusively people who are from the Caucasus region or speak the Caucasian languages.

In traditional anthropological literature, the Caucasoids are often contrasted with other "-oid" groups such as the Negroids, the Mongoloids, and the Australoids.

Subgroups

The Caucasoids are composed of smaller groups, such as the Europeans.

References