United States of America
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is in the northwest of the continent, with Canada to its east and Russia to the west across the Bering Strait, and the state of Hawaii is in the mid-Pacific. The United States also possesses several territories in the Caribbean and the Pacific.
The nation was founded by thirteen colonies of Great Britain located along the Atlantic seaboard. The first American citizens were individuals of European descent: English, Scottish, German, Dutch, and Scandinavian. Proclaiming themselves "states," they issued the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. The rebellious states defeated Britain in the American Revolutionary War. A federal convention adopted the United States Constitution on September 17, 1787; its ratification the following year made the states part of a single republic. The Bill of Rights, comprising ten constitutional amendments, was ratified in 1791.
In the nineteenth century, the United States acquired land from France, Spain, Mexico, and Russia, and annexed the Republic of Texas and the Republic of Hawaii. Disputes between the agrarian South and industrial North over states' rights and slavery provoked the American Civil War of the 1860s. The North's victory prevented a permanent split of the country and led to the end of slavery in the United States.
Some of the notable events and trends in the post-WWII era are the John F. Kennedy assassination, the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 followed by mass immigration of non-Whites, the 1960s counter-culture, the civil rights movement, increasing Cultural Marxism, White flight, and the 9/11 attacks.
The USA today is called a "nation of immigrants." This a phrase was popularized by John F. Kennedy who wrote the 1958 book “A Nation of Immigrants” at the request of the Anti-Defamation League. The phrase “melting pot” was coined by the Jew Israel Zangwill in a 1905 play, The Melting Pot. The poem The New Colossus on the Statue of Liberty with, "Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!" was written by the Jewess Emma Lazarus back in 1883.
- White demographics: United States
- White flight: United States
- Jewish influence: United States
- Racial makeup of the U.S. population
- American nationalism
- Encyclopedia.com: United States
- Heinrich Piebrock: "Germans helped build America - and how has America repaid them?" (The book in HTML, Cover text)
- Dull, Jonathan R. (2003). "Diplomacy of the Revolution, to 1783," p. 352, chap. in A Companion to the American Revolution, ed. Jack P. Greene and J. R. Pole. Maiden, Mass.: Blackwell, pp. 352–361. ISBN 1405116749.
- http://archive.adl.org/immigrants/guide.html "In the Foreword, [ADL Director Abraham] Foxman shares that Kennedy, who was a junior Senator of Massachusetts, accepted ADL’s request to write this essay, and A Nation of Immigrants was published in 1958."