Kingdom of Great Britain

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The Kingdom of Great Britain, also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain,[1][2] was a state in northwest Europe, in existence from 1707 to 1800. It was created by the merger of the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England, under the Acts of Union 1707, to create a single kingdom encompassing the whole of the island of Great Britain. A new single parliament and government, based in Westminster, controlled the new kingdom. The two separate kingdoms of Scotland and England had shared the same monarch since James VI, King of Scots, became King of England in 1603 following the death of Queen Elizabeth I.

The Kingdom of Great Britain was superseded by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801, when the Kingdom of Ireland was merged with the kingdom with the enactment of the Act of Union 1800 following the suppression of the Irish Rebellion of 1798.

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.


  1. Welcome, accessed 7 October, 2008
  2. Act of Union 1707, Article 2.