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Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example of Muhammad (c. 570–8 June 632 CE). An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Nearly all Muslims consider Muhammad to be the last prophet of God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.

Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law (sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from topics ranging from banking and welfare, to family life and the environment.

Most Muslims are of one of two denominations: Sunni (75–90%) or Shia (10–20%). In some cases this division is associated with ethnic divisions such as between Arabs and Persians.

With about 1.7 billion followers or 23% of the global population, Islam is the second-largest religion by number of adherents and, according to many sources, the fastest-growing major religion in the world.

A 2017 estimate predicted that Islam will be the world's largest religion by 2070.[1]

Criticisms of Islam

Criticisms of Islam is a moderately politically incorrect topic that is often labeled as "Islamophobia".

However, while it is not a politically correct topic like criticisms of Christianity, it is also not a very politically incorrect topic like criticisms of Judaism. Even politically correct wikis like Wikipedia and RationalWiki have many articles on this topic. There are also entire wikis on this topic (such as WikiIslam) and many other websites and writings by a wide variety of critics such as Christians, Jews, Muslims (such as Muslims from one denomination criticizing Muslims from another denomination), atheists/agnostics, conservatives, and even liberals. See such sources regarding various detailed criticisms.


A somewhat different topic is opposition to Islamization which is the process of a society's shift towards Islam or a perceived negative form of Islam. See the article on anti-Islamization.


  1. Islam Will Be Largest Religion in the World by 2070, Says Report
Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.