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Purple = Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan); Blue = Central Asia; Yellow = East Asia (China, Mongolia, Korea, Japan); Brown = West Asia/Middle East; Violet = Russia; Green = South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maharashtra, Bhutan); Red = South East Asia (10 ASEAN countries plus East Timor); left: borders of Europe and Africa.

Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent. It covers 8.6 % of the Earth's total surface area (or 29.4 % of its land area), the total land area is 31,033,131 Km2 (11,981,954 sq. miles) and, with 4,730,738,617 people (as of Saturday, 8 October 2022), it contains c. 60 % of the world's current human population. 50.9 % of the population is urban (2,361,464,416 people in 2019).


Chiefly in the eastern and northern hemispheres, Asia is traditionally defined as part of the landmass of Africa-Eurasia – with the western portion of the latter occupied by Europe – lying east of the Suez Canal, east of the Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian and Black Seas. It is bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean, to the south by the Indian Ocean, and to the north by the Arctic Ocean.

Given its size and diversity, Asia – a toponym dating back to classical antiquity – is more a cultural concept incorporating a number of regions and peoples than a homogeneous physical entity. From the standpoint of physical geography, Europe and Asia are considered parts of the single continent or supercontinent of Eurasia.

Asia and race

Main article: Asians

Asia is inhabited by several different groups such as Caucasoids and East Asians. As such the term "Asians" does not correspond to one of the usually described major human races.


  • North/Northern Asia
  • South/Southern Asia
    • Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan
  • Southeast/South East Asia
    • Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Vietnam
  • Central Asia
    • Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
  • East/Eastern Asia
  • West/Western Asia
    • Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion of the larger geographical region of Asia, as defined by some academics, UN bodies and other institutions. It is almost entirely a part of the Middle East, and includes Anatolia, the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Mesopotamia, the Armenian Highlands, the Levant, the island of Cyprus, the Sinai Peninsula, and partly the Caucasus Region (Transcaucasia): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen

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