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The Levant (from Latin levare "to raise", referring to the direction of sunrise) is a term used to refer to maritime commerce in the Eastern Mediterranean, later restricted to certain Muslim regions.

The name “Levant States” was used to refer to the French mandate over Syria and Lebanon after World War I. This is probably the reason why the term Levant has come to be used more specifically to refer to modern Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, Jordan, and Cyprus.

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.