Elizabeth II

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A young Queen Elizabeth II.
Queen Elizabeth II in old age.

Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Princess of York; b. 21 April 1926 in Mayfair, London, United Kingdom; d. 8 September 2022 Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, UK) was the Queen of the United Kingdom and 14 other Commonwealth realms formerly part of the British Empire from 6 February 1952 until her death.


Born in her maternal grandparents' London townhouse in Bruton Street, Mayfair, in 1926 during the reign of her paternal grandfather as daughter of the Duke of York (later King George VI) and the Duchess of York (later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother), she succeeded the throne after her father passed away in 1952, and was crowned the following year. In her paternal line she descends from the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (in turn a branch of the ancient House of Wettin). They changed their German surname to Windsor during The Great War.

Elizabeth married Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, son of British admiral and German Prince Ludwig Alexander von Battenberg (1854–1921), on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey. They would have four children, her oldest son Charles, Prince of Wales (born 1948) became King upon her death.


Queen Elizabeth II died on 8 September 2022. Her reign of 70 years and 214 days was the longest of any British monarch and the second longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country.


Discrimination still exists. Some people feel that their own beliefs are being threatened. Some are unhappy about unfamiliar cultures. They all need to be reassured that there is so much to be gained by reaching out to others; that diversity is indeed a strength and not a threat.
—Elizabeth II, December 2004[1]

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