Hispanics and Latinos

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Hispanics and Latinos, as used in the United States, are similar terms for people with ancestry from Spanish-speaking areas (Hispanics) or Latin America (Latinos). Hispanics may exclude people from Portuguese-speaking Brazil, but include people from Spain. The terms are sometimes in practice used as synonyms, notably by the U.S. Census. Both terms may exclude certain people with ancestry from the Caribbean, such as those from former French, Dutch and British colonies, despite that there may be cultural and genetic similarities with people with ancestry from the Spanish-speaking Caribbean.

"In the United States the term Hispanics denotes individuals of Latin American and Caribbean Spanish-speaking origin. Hispanics can be pure white, black, white-black hybrids, Native American, or Mestizo with mixed white and Native American ancestry [...] most Hispanics in the United States are Mestizos."[1]

A 2003 study stated that "By region of sampling, the Hispanic populations showed different ancestry contributions, from a trihybrid structure with European, Native American, and African contributions (California, Nevada, Florida, New Jersey, and Virginia) to a dihybrid structure with European and American contributions (Southwest population) or European and African contributions (Pennsylvania and Southeast population). These findings allowed us to define two regional groups, the West and the East. In the former, Native American contributions ranged from 35.58% to 57.87%; in the East region the values ranged from 0% to 21.27%. An African influence was similar in both regions, ranging from 0% to 17.11%, with a tendency of increasing in the East region. These data reflect the different origins of the Hispanic populations that led to the present ones. In the West, Hispanics are mostly of Mexican origin, and in the East, they are predominantly of Cuban and Puerto Rican origin."[2]

Some conservatives believe that Hispanics/Latinos are "natural conservatives", but actual evidence is argued to contradict this. See the "External links" section.

See also

External links

Article archives


  1. Richard Lynn. Race differences in Intelligence. 2006. Washington Summit Publishers.
  2. Bertoni et al., "Admixture in Hispanics: Distribution of Ancestral Population Contributions in the Continental United States," Human Biology, February 2003, v. 75, no. 1, pp. 1–11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12713142