Hispanics and Latinos

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Hispanics and Latinos, as used in the United States, are similar terms for people with ancestry from Spanish-speaking areas (Hispanics) or Latin America (Latinos). Hispanics may exclude people from Portuguese-speaking Brazil, but include people from Spain. The terms are sometimes in practice used as synonyms, notably by the U.S. Census. Both terms may exclude certain people with ancestry from the Caribbean, such as those from former French, Dutch and British colonies, despite that there may be cultural and genetic similarities with people with ancestry from the Spanish-speaking Caribbean. A 2003 study stated that

"By region of sampling, the Hispanic populations showed different ancestry contributions, from a trihybrid structure with European, Native American, and African contributions (California, Nevada, Florida, New Jersey, and Virginia) to a dihybrid structure with European and American contributions (Southwest population) or European and African contributions (Pennsylvania and Southeast population). These findings allowed us to define two regional groups, the West and the East. In the former, Native American contributions ranged from 35.58% to 57.87%; in the East region the values ranged from 0% to 21.27%. An African influence was similar in both regions, ranging from 0% to 17.11%, with a tendency of increasing in the East region. These data reflect the different origins of the Hispanic populations that led to the present ones. In the West, Hispanics are mostly of Mexican origin, and in the East, they are predominantly of Cuban and Puerto Rican origin."[1]

Some white American conservatives believe that Hispanics/Latinos are "natural conservatives", but actual evidence is argued to contradict this. See the "External links" section.


Hispanic (Spanish: hispano, hispánico) is a term that originally denoted a relationship to the ancient Hispania (geographically coinciding with the Iberian Peninsula) during ancient Roman times. Through the end of the nineteenth century, it sometimes takes on a more limited meaning, relating to the contemporary nation of Spain.

Since the late 20th century, especially in the United States, it became a euphemism for mestizo and interchangeable with Latino, meaning from Latin America (this does not include Quebec however even though a Latin-based language is spoken there). There is a difference of opinion among mestizos as to which term they prefer. Some prefer their country of origin (e.g. being called Mexican) while others are offended by this. Some strongly prefer either Latino or Hispanic while others have no preference.

Hispanic is used by the US census and is generally the politically correct term for mestizo because it used to mean from Spain and so it can be used by mestizos to hide the their mongrel nature, which mainly includes European and Amerindian, but often has some negroid thrown in (even George Zimmerman who the zio-news media described as "white Hispanic" had a negroid great grandfather). Because of this, Hispanic has degenerated into meaning mestizo in common, politically correct usage. Mestizos with mostly European ancestry like to describe themselves as "white Hispanic" to hide their mongrel nature and many census figures in the Americas greatly inflate the number of white people when they are really counting mongrel mestizos with mostly European ancestry, but who fail the kind of racial criteria in the style of the One-drop rule and Nuremberg Laws.

Because of the degeneration of this term, people who actually come from Spain or Portugal call themselves Spaniard now. Two examples of Hollywood celebrities from Spain are Penelope Cruz and Javier Bardem.


Latino, Latina and recently Latinx (woke newspeak) are geographic terms, which refer to a person from Latin America or of Latin American descent. This includes Brazil, but of course excludes Spain, especially the parts once inhabited by the Goths.

The many pan-ethnic labels used to describe the group of people who trace their roots to Latin America or Spain -- terms like Hispanic, Latino, Latinx or Latine -- have left some confused, some angry and many people debating what word to use. Hispanic and Latino remain the dominant terms to refer to people from this group, according to the Pew Research Center. However, other terms have been growing in popularity, including Latinx and Latine, gender-neutral versions of the masculine and feminine words for Latino and Latina. Proponents of the use of terms Latinx and Latine say they are inclusive, non-gendered terms for nonbinary, gender-fluid, queer people of Latin American heritage. However, some have begun to use the term to refer to the ethnic community as a whole, instead of using the typical, masculine "Latino." [...] Only 23% of U.S. adults who self-identify as Hispanic or Latino had heard of the term Latinx, according to a 2020 Pew Research Center poll. Just 3% use it to identify themselves, the poll found.[2]


  • “To say Hispanic means you’re so colonized you don’t even know for yourself, or someone who named you never bothered to ask what you call yourself. It’s a repulsive slave name.” – Author Sandra Cisneros, New York Times, 1992
  • "In the United States the term Hispanics denotes individuals of Latin American and Caribbean Spanish-speaking origin. Hispanics can be pure white, black, white-black hybrids, Native American, or Mestizo with mixed white and Native American ancestry [...] most Hispanics in the United States are Mestizos."[3]
  • “For me, the term Hispanic highlights only the colonial part of my ancestry, and I have indigenous and Afro-Peruvian ancestors as well”. – Dina Castro, a Wheelock College of Education and Human Development professor
  • “What is most important in my opinion is that whether you use Latino, Latinx, or Hispanic, we all are part of this one great community, yet we are not homogeneous, the diaspora of the Latino community is immense, so it is difficult to put us all under one blanket.” – Johanna Calderon-Dakin (COM’06), a publicist and bilingual culture consultant born and raised in Mexico City, says she prefers to identify herself as Mexican.[4]

See also

External links

Article archives


  1. Bertoni et al., "Admixture in Hispanics: Distribution of Ancestral Population Contributions in the Continental United States," Human Biology, February 2003, v. 75, no. 1, pp. 1–11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12713142
  2. Latinx, Latino and Hispanic: How this ethnic group's label has sparked debate, ABC News, 2023
  3. Richard Lynn. Race differences in Intelligence. 2006. Washington Summit Publishers.
  4. If Hispanics Hate the Term “Latinx,” Why Is It Still Used?