Democratic Party (United States)

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The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. It is the oldest political party in the United States.[1][2]

Since the 2006 midterm elections, the Democratic Party is the majority party for the 110th Congress; the party holds an outright majority in the House of Representatives and the Democratic caucus (including two independents) constitutes a majority in the United States Senate. Democrats also hold a majority of state governorships and control a plurality of state legislatures. In 2004, it was the largest political party, with 42.6 percent of 169 million registered voters claiming affiliation.[3]

The Democratic Party traces its origins to the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. Since the division of the Republican Party in the election of 1912, it has consistently positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party in economic as well as social matters. The economically left-leaning activist philosophy of Franklin D. Roosevelt, which has strongly influenced American liberalism, has shaped much of the party's economic agenda since 1932. Roosevelt's New Deal coalition usually controlled the national government until 1964. Leftist and radical elements from the 1960s have infiltrated the Democratic Party which now consists of a coalition of Jewish and racial minority interests.


  1. Witcover, Jules (2003). "1", Party of the People: A History of the Democrats, 3.  "The Democratic Party of the United States, the oldest existing in the world, was in a sense an illegitimate child, unwanted by the founders fathers of the American Republic."
  2. Democratic Party, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Accessed August 21, 2007. [1]
  3. Neuhart, P. (22 January, 2004). Why politics is fun from catbirds' seats. USA Today'.. Retrieved on 2007-07-11.

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