|Assumed office |
22 November 2005
|Preceded by||Gerhard Schröder|
17 November 1994 – 26 October 1998
|Preceded by||Klaus Töpfer|
|Succeeded by||Jürgen Trittin|
18 January 1991 – 17 November 1994
|Preceded by||Ursula Lehr|
|Succeeded by||Claudia Nolte|
Member of the Bundestag
|Assumed office |
2 December 1990
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Born||17 July 1954|
Hamburg, West Germany
|Political party||Christian Democratic Union (1990–present)|
|Democratic Awakening (1989–1990)|
|Spouse(s)||Ulrich Merkel (1977–1982)|
Joachim Sauer (1998–present)
|Alma mater||University of Leipzig|
Angela Dorothea Merkel (born July 17, 1954 in Hamburg) is a former member of the East German communist party and she became a Christian democrat together with numerous other similar persons after the fall of the Berlin Wall; she is best known as the Chancellor of Germany. Merkel, elected to the German Parliament from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, has been the chairman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 10 April 2000, and Chairman of the CDU-CSU (Christian Social Union) parliamentary coalition from 2002 to 2005. She was the favoured young politician of Helmut Kohl.
Merkel has Polish ancestry through her paternal grandfather, Ludwig Kasner, a German national of Polish origin from Posen. The family's original name Kaźmierczak was Germanized to Kasner in 1930.
From 2005 to 2009 she led a grand coalition with the Christian Social Union (CSU), its Bavarian sister party, and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), formed after the 2005 federal election on 22 November 2005. In the elections of 27 September 2009, her party, the CDU, obtained the largest share of the votes, and formed a coalition government with the CSU and the Free Democratic Party (FDP). Her government was sworn in on 28 October 2009.
In 2007, Merkel was also President of the European Council and chaired the G8. She played a central role in the negotiation of the Treaty of Lisbon and the Berlin Declaration. In domestic policy, health care reform and problems concerning future energy development have thus far been major issues of her tenure.
Chancellor Merkel is a member of the Council of Women World Leaders, an International network of current and former women presidents and prime ministers whose mission is to mobilize the highest-level women leaders globally for collective action on issues of critical importance to women and equitable development.
In 2008 Merkel received the Charlemagne Prize "for her work to reform the European Union". The prize was presented by Nicolas Sarkozy. In 2008 she also received, like Helmut Kohl in 1996, the "Europe Award of Merit-Medaille" from B'nai B'rith.
- Kornelius, Stefan (March 2013). Angela Merkel: Die Kanzlerin und ihre Welt (in de). Hoffmann und Campe, 7. ISBN 978-3455502916.
- Stefan Kornelius (10 September 2013). "Six things you didn't know about Angela Merkel". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 September 2013. //web.archive.org/web/20130910133147/http://www.theguardian.com/world/german-elections-blog-2013/2013/sep/10/angela-merkel-origins-germany-election. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- "The German chancellor's Polish roots". Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 27 March 2013. http://web.archive.org/web/20130503221041/http://www.dw.de/the-german-chancellors-polish-roots/a-16698783.
- "Merkel hat polnische Wurzeln [Merkel has Polish roots]". Süddeutsche Zeitung. 13 March 2013. Archived from the original on 17 March 2013. //web.archive.org/web/20130906161618/http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/familiegeschichte-der-kanzlerin-merkel-hat-polnische-wurzeln-1.1623363.
- "Germany's Merkel begins new term". BBC. 2009-10-28. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8329490.stm. Retrieved 2009-11-01.