The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter.
On the 31st December 1985 the United Kingdom's Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, took the the UK out of UNESCO and halted all funding to it. Mrs. Thatcher’s government said it was leaving UNESCO because of bad management practices, excessive spending and politicization, the same reasons cited by the United States when it pulled out of the Paris-based body in 1984. However, Tony Blairs socialist government renewed Britain's membership.