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Chancellor of Germany
The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). In German politics the position is equivalent to that of a Prime Minister in other countries (the latter term is not used, since its direct German equivalent, Ministerpräsident, is used exclusively for the heads of government of the Länder). From 1871 to 1945 the full term was Reich Chancellor (Reichskanzler). The term Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler) is current.
The current Chancellor of Germany is Angela Merkel, who was elected in 2005. In addition to being the eighth Bundeskanzler of the Federal Republic of Germany, she is also the first Bundeskanzlerin, or female Chancellor. The word "Bundeskanzlerin" was never used officially before Angela Merkel, but it is a grammatically regular formation of a noun denoting a female.