Second Boer War
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902), also known as the Boer War, Anglo-Boer War, or South African War, was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, resulting their defeat and incorporation into the Union of South Africa, as part of the British Empire.
The term "concentration camp" was created during the war, when the Boer civilian population were interned in camps, in order to prevent help to the Boer forces and partisans. The term was after this used in reference to argued similar policies by the United States, Spain, and the Soviet Union, long before the Holocaust camps. 
Of the British force, 22,000 died with 14,000 of them succumbing to sickness. 7,000 Boer fighters died. 28,000 Boers in the British concentration camps died – nearly all of them women and children.
Less politically correct views on the causes of the war
A less often mentioned aspect of the war is role of colonial officials and financiers of mining operations (many of them Jewish) in causing the war. See the "External links" section.
- A Century Ago: The Boer War Remembered
- The Siege of South Africa
- Free to Cheat: “Jewish Emancipation” and the Anglo-Jewish Cousinhood, Part 2
- Concentration camp. Etymology online. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=Concentration+camp
- A Century Ago: The Boer War Remembered http://codoh.com/library/document/1953/