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Coat of arms
Vienna is located in Austria
Location of Vienna in Austria
Coordinates: 48°12′32″N 16°22′21″E / 48.20889°N 16.3725°E / 48.20889; 16.3725
Country Austria
State Wien
 - Bürgermeister Michael Häupl (SPÖ)
 - Vizebürgermeisterin Maria Vassilakou (Die Grünen)
 - City 414.89 km2 (160.2 sq mi)
 - Land 395.50 km2 (152.7 sq mi)
 - Water 19.39 km2 (7.5 sq mi)
Elevation 151(Lobau) – 542(Hermannskogel) m (495–1,778 ft)
Population (2010)
 - City 1,712,903
 Density 4,128.6/km2 (10,693/sq mi)
 Urban 1,983,836
 Metro ca. 2,419,000
  Statistik Austria,[1] VCÖ – Mobilität mit Zukunft[2]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Historic Centre of Vienna*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Country  Austria
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv, vi
Reference 1033
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2001  (25th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city; with a population of about 1.7 million (2.3 million within the metropolitan area), and is by far the largest city in Austria as well as its cultural, economic and political centre. Vienna lies in the very east of Austria and is close to the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.


In 1440, Vienna became the resident city of the Habsburg dynasty. It eventually grew to become the de facto capital (Reichshauptstadt) of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (800–1806) in 1437 and a cultural center for arts and science, music and fine cuisine. Hungary occupied the city between 1485 and 1490. In the 16th and 17th centuries Christian forces twice stopped armies of the Ottoman Empire outside Vienna, in the 1529 Siege of Vienna and the 1683 Battle of Vienna.



See also


  1. STATISTIK AUSTRIA – Bevölkerung zu Quartalsbeginn seit 2002 nach Bundesland. (20 October 2010). Retrieved on 19 January 2011.
  2. VCÖ.at: VCÖ fordert Nahverkehrsoffensive gegen Verkehrskollaps in den Städten. (2008). Retrieved on 5 August 2009.
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