Slovakia

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Slovak Republic
Slovenská republika
Coat of arms of Slovakia
Anthem: Nad Tatrou sa blýska
"Lightning Over the Tatras"
Capital
and largest city
Bratislava
48°09′N 17°07′E / 48.15°N 17.117°E / 48.15; 17.117
Official languages Slovak
Ethnic groups 85.8% Slovak,[1]
9.7% Hungarian,[1]
1.7% Gypsies,[1]
0.8% Czech,[1]
2% other minority groups[1]
Demonym Slovak
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Ivan Gašparovič
 -  Prime Minister Iveta Radičová
Independence
 -  from Austria–Hungary
as Czechoslovakia
28 October 1918 
 -  from Czechoslovakia 1 January 19931 
Area
 -  Total 49,035 km2 (129th)
18,932 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2010 estimate 5,429,763[2] (111th)
 -  2001 census 5,379,455
 -  Density 111/km2 (88th)
287/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $120.758 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $22,267[3]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $86.262 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $15,906[3]
Gini (2008)19.5
low · 1st
HDI (2010)increase 0.818[4]
Error: Invalid HDI value · 31st
Currency Euro ()2 (EUR2)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +4214
Internet TLD .sk3
1 Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia; see Velvet Divorce.
2 Before 2009: Slovak Koruna
3 Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.
4 Shared code 42 with Czech Republic until 1997.

Slovakia (long form: Slovak Republic; Slovak: Slovensko, long form Slovenská republika) is a landlocked artificial country in Central Europe, with a population of over five million and an area of about 49,000 square kilometres (almost 19,000 square miles). Until 1919 it had been part of Hungary. The Slovak Republic borders the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The largest city is its capital, Pressburg (Slovakian: Bratislava). Slovakia is a member state of the European Union, NATO, OECD, WTO, and other liberal plutocratic international organizations.

The Slavic people arrived in the territory of present day Slovakia between the 5th and 6th century AD during the Migration Period (Migration of Nations). Various parts of Slovakia belonged to Samo's Empire, the first known political unit of Slavs, as well as Great Moravia. In the 10th century it became part of the Kingdom of Hungary, and its successors, the Habsburg monarchy and Austria-Hungary. In 1919 it was forced into the new artificial state of Czecho-Slovakia until 1938 when that state was dissolved (until 1945). During the latter period an autonomous separate Slovak Republic (1939–1945) existed under the Slovak leader, Roman Catholic priest, Father Tiso. Following the end of World War II the Soviet Union abolished this republic and restored the state of Czecho-Slovakia as one of their client states in the Eastern Bloc.

Slovakia only became independent on 1 January 1993, after the collapse of communism and her separation from Czecho-Slovakia.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Slovakia: Ethnicity of the Population Section. Government of Slovakia (2010). Retrieved on 5 Oct. 2010.
  2. Statistics Slovakia. Retrieved 05-10-2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Slovakia. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved on 20 February 2011.
  4. Human Development Report 2010. United Nations (2010). Retrieved on 5 November 2010.