Munich Putsch

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Marienplatz in Munich during the Munich Putsch.

The Munich Putsch (also known as the Hitlerputsch, the Hitler-Ludendorff Putsch, the March to the Feldherrnhalle, or derogatorily as the Beer Hall Putsch) was an unsuccesful coup that occurred on 8–9 November 1923 in Munich, Bavaria, during the Weimar Republic. "Putsch" is the German word for "coup."

The NSDAP leader Adolf Hitler, the popular World War I General Erich Ludendorff, and members of the Kampfbund organizations (which included the NSDAP), unsuccessfully tried to gain power in Bavaria, with plans to later overthrow the Weimar Republic. 16 coup supporters and four police officers were killed during a street battle, with Hitler being among the wounded.

Other notable participants included Alfred Rosenberg, Dietrich Eckart, Ernst Röhm, Gregor Strasser, Hans Frank, Heinrich Himmler, Hermann Göring, Josef Dietrich, Julius Streicher, and Wilhelm Frick.

Hitler was found guilty of treason and sentenced to five years in the Landsberg Prison, where he dictated Mein Kampf to his fellow prisoners Emil Maurice and Rudolf Hess. On 20 December 1924, having served only nine months, Hitler was released.