Budapest

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Budapest
—  City  —
Capital City of Budapest
Budapest Főváros
From top, left to right: view of the city with the Danube River, lion guarding the Chain Bridge, Heroes' Square, the Parliament Building, Fisherman's Bastion, St. Stephen's Basilica, and a panorama from Gellért Hill with Buda Castle on the left.

Flag
Coat of arms of Budapest
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Heart of Europe, Pearl of Danube, Capital of Freedom, Capital of Spas and Thermal Baths, Capital of Festivals
Budapest is located in Europe
Budapest
Budapest location within Hungary and within Europe
Coordinates: 47°29′33″N 19°03′05″E / 47.4925°N 19.05139°E / 47.4925; 19.05139Coordinates: 47°29′33″N 19°03′05″E / 47.4925°N 19.05139°E / 47.4925; 19.05139
Country  Hungary
Region Central Hungary
Subregion
Unification of Buda, Pest and Óbuda 17 November 1873
Boroughs
Government[1]
 - Type Mayor–Council
 - Body Budapest General Assembly
 - Mayor István Tarlós (Fidesz)
Area[2]
 - City 525.2 km2 (202.8 sq mi)
 - Urban 2,538 km2 (979.9 sq mi)
 - Metro 7,626 km2 (2,944.4 sq mi)
Elevation[3] Lowest (Danube) 96 m
Highest (János hill) 527 m (315 to 1,729 ft)
Population (2013)[4]
 - City 1,740,041 increase
 - Rank 1st (7th in EU)
 Density 3,314/km2 (8,583.2/sq mi)
 Urban 2,551,247
 Metro 3,284,110
Demonym Budapester
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code(s) 1011–1239
Area code 1
ISO 3166 code HU-BU
NUTS code HU101
GDP per capita PPS €37,632 ($52,770)[5]
Website Official Website

Budapest is the capital city of Hungary and the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial and transportation centre[6].

In 2007 Budapest had 1,696,128 inhabitants[7] with an official agglomeration of 2,451,418 [7], down from a mid-1980s peak of 2.1 million. Budapest became a single city occupying both banks of the river Danube (Hungarians call it the Duna river) with the amalgamation on 17 November 1873 of right-bank (west) Buda (Ofen in German) and Óbuda (Old Buda or Alt-Ofen) together with Pest on the left (east) bank.

Aquincum, originally a Celtic settlement, was the direct ancestor of Budapest, becoming the Roman capital of Lower Pannonia. Magyars (pronounced "mahdyars") arrived in the territory around 900. Their first settlement was pillaged by the Tatars in 1241-42[8]. The re-established town became one of the global centers of Renaissance humanist culture in the 15th century. Following nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule, development of the region entered a new age of prosperity in the 18th and 19th centuries, and Budapest became a global city after the 1873 unification of its three constituents. It also became the second capital of Austria-Hungary, a great power that dissolved in 1918.

Widely regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in the world[9][10], Budapest is considered an important Central European hub[11] for business, culture and tourism. Its World Heritage Sites include the banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter, Andrássy Avenue and the Millennium Underground railway, the first on the European continent[9][12]. Budapest attracts over 20 million visitors a year[13], making it one of the top destinations in Europe. The city ranks 74th on Mercer Consulting's 'World's Top 100 Most Livable Cities' list[14].

References

  1. http://budapest.hu/sites/english/Lapok/The-Municipality-of-Budapest.aspx
  2. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/83080/Budapest
  3. http://www.stay.com/budapest/attractions/688/erzsebet-lookout-tower
  4. Gazetteer of Hungary, Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2012 (PDF). Retrieved on 2 October 2013.
  5. Budapest - HU101 - Employment Institute. Iz.sk. Retrieved on 10 June 2013.
  6. Budapest. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 2008-01-30.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Social and economic parameters of Budapest (Hungarian). Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved on 2007-07-13.
  8. Budapest. 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. Retrieved on 2008-01-30.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Nomination of the banks of the Danube and the district of the Buda Castle. International Council on Monuments and Sites. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  10. Budapest Is Stealing Some of Prague’s Spotlight. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2008-01-29.
  11. Doing Business : Budapest, the soul of Central Europe. International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 2011-11-03. Retrieved on 2008-01-29.
  12. World Heritage Committee Inscribes 9 New Sites on the World Heritage List. Unesco World Heritage Centre. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  13. Budapest City Guide. European Rail Guide. Retrieved on 2008-02-04.
  14. World's Top 100 Most Livable Cities. Business Week. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.

External links

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