Northern Europe is a term for the northern part of Europe, though its precise boundaries are vague and defined variously. It is a term that groups the Nordic countries (which are present in all definitions):
along with a selection of the following which varies from definition to definition:
- The Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
- The British Isles: Ireland, Great Britain, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man (see also Western Europe).
- Areas bordering, or in close proximity to, the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, i.e. north-western Russia (including Kaliningrad), northern Poland, northern Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the French region of Nord-Pas de Calais.
- Occasionally Ingria, Karelia and the Kola Peninsula (see also Eastern Europe).
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