Multiculturalism is one argued strategy for dealing with a culturally non-homogeneous "diverse"/divided society.
It can be contrasted with several other strategies:
- Assimilation - Minority cultures adopt the culture of the majority.
- Integration - All cultures blend into a common culture.
- Segregation - Partial separation.
- Separation - See also White separatism.
Multiculturalism assumes that there are no major genetic or cultural obstacles to different human groups living together. It envisions a utopia where all groups live in harmony, but where it is possible to experience exotic foods, hear exotic music, see exotic clothing, etc.
It is not necessary to import an entire foreign population and keep their original culture intact in order to enjoy exotic foods, exotic music, etc. Such superficial aspects can (if they are actually positive contributions) be copied by indigenous businesses, without having to resort to mass immigration.
The fact that there are no culturally divided societies that are even remotely like the multicultural harmonious utopia should cause concern, but is instead ignored.
Most historical, non-socialist empires having many cultures have if anything practiced extensive segregation. The different cultures are usually allowed very extensive autonomy to manage their own affairs (including having separate law systems), as long as they pay taxes to the empire. The different groups to a large degree self-segregate from one another in the empire. Despite this, and the threat of large scale violence from the empire if there is unrest, there have often been inter-group conflicts and inter-group violence if different cultures co-exist in the same area.
Different cultures are often not compatible with one another. They may have customs and laws that cannot be reconciled with one another. Religions and socialist ideologies may demand that the whole world should in the end be converted to their own religion/ideology and that other views should be prohibited. Proponents of multiculturalism often implicitly think that such cultures will change their beliefs in order to be compatible with one another, but that is arguably assumed future assimilation/integration instead of multiculturalism. See Islamization and anti-Islamization: Opinion surveys of Muslims on surveys of Muslim immigrants finding other results than the declining support for fundamentalism often assumed by liberals.
Also, the mass migration to White countries is so large that Whites will soon become minorities and may then be forced to assimilate (assuming they are not forced to White flight or killed), rather than live in multicultural utopias.
Research on biological/genetic mechanisms related to racial genetic interests has found that different groups tend to feel more empathy for and favor their own group, which makes group conflict very difficult to avoid. This research also implies that assimilation/integration may not work unless the different groups are genetically similar. Thus, the different immigrant European groups to the United States could be assimilated/integrated, but this may not work with immigrant groups that are more genetically different.
Research on the effects of ethnic heterogeneity can be seen as research on the effects of multiculturalism or diversity more generally. It has found numerous and very negative effects.
In October 2010 German Chancellor Angela Merkel said "multiculturalism has utterly failed."
Victor Orban, Prime Minister of Hungary, stated in Summer 2022 that "we do not want race-mixing or to mix with non-Europeans".
In his book The Disuniting of America: Reflections on a Multicultural Society (1991), Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., a former advisor to the John F. Kennedy and other US administrations as well as winner of the Pulitzer Prize, states that a new attitude, one that celebrates difference and abandons assimilation, may replace the classic image of the melting pot in which differences are submerged in democracy. He argues that ethnic awareness has had many positive consequences to unite a nation with a "history of prejudice". However, the "cult of ethnicity," if pushed too far, may endanger the unity of society. According to Schlesinger, multiculturalists are "very often ethnocentric separatists who see little in the Western heritage other than Western crimes." Their "mood is one of divesting Americans of their sinful European inheritance and seeking redemptive infusions from non-Western cultures." Schlesinger (1917–2007), historian, social critic, and public intellectual, also charged that ‘Afrocentrism’ isolated both African scholarship and people of African ancestry from the rest of humanity.
See Migration: Surveys on recent surveys, many of which include multicultural aspects.
- Al-Andalus - Lacking any good example of a current multicultural utopia, supporters of multiculturalism have instead often claimed that Al-Andalus (medieval Islamic Iberia) was one, before being destroyed by White Christians.
- Cosmopolitanism - A concept different from and possibly contrary to multiculturalism.
- Cultural Marxism
- E pluribus unum
- Melting pot
- No-go area
- South Africa - The "Rainbow nation".
- The Mantra
- The New Colossus
- White demographics
- White flight
- White separatism - Rejecting multiculturalism and ethnic heterogeneity more generally.
- Multiculturalism and Marxism by Frank Ellis
- Multiculturalism and the War Against White America
- The claustrophobia of diversity by Robert Henderson
- The Challenge of "Multiculturalism" by Samuel Taylor
- Racial Diversity