Jewish politicians in Britain

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See also Jewish politicians in Britain before 1900

Jewish politicians in Britain. Jews could not sit in the British Parliament until 1858 when the Jews Relief Act was passed. A frighteningly disproportionate large number of Jews in Britain have been politicians in the 20th & 21st centuries.

The English Jews, we are told, are not Englishmen. They are separate people, living locally in this island, but living morally and politically in communion with their brethren who are scattered all over the world. An English Jew looks on a Dutch or Portuguese Jew as his countryman, and of an English Christian as a stranger. This want of patriotic feeling, it is said, renders a Jew unfit to exercise political functions. ~ Lord Macaulay.[1]
I feel totally Jewish; I am totally Jewish. I don't eat pork, we only buy kosher meat and we don't mix meat and milk. I like being Jewish and I married a Jewish girl. It's like a way of life and it's good to be able to instill some of that sense of being in your kids.[2] ~ Grant Shapps, M.P., UK Government Minister, Sept, 2010.


  • Herbert Louis Samuel (b.1870), Liberal M.P., (from 1902) and cabinet minister. A "moderate" Zionist and High Commissioner for Palestine 1920-25.[2] Wrote: Liberalism: its Principles and Proposals(1902).[3]
  • Harry Simon Samuel (b.1858), Unionist Party M.P. for Norwood 1910-22. Conservative Party M.P. for Tower Hamlets 1895-1906. Partner in Montefiore & Co.[4]
  • Rufus Daniel Isaacs (b.1860), a lawyer, numerous honours and 1st Marquess of Reading (1926)(the only British Jew to be elevated to a Marquessate), Liberal M.P. and cabinet minister; President of the Anglo-French Loan Mission to U.S.A., 1917; Special Ambassador to the U.S.A., 1918, Viceroy of India (1921-26). Married 1887 to Alice, daughter of Albert Cohen.[5]
  • Alfred Mond (b.1868), lawyer, 1st Baronet (1910), 1st Baron Melchett (1928), Liberal M.P., for Chester 1906-10); Swansea (1910-23) Carmarthen from 1924. Cabinet Minister who also sat on numerous company boards; Chairman, Economic Board for Palestine.[6][7][8][9].
  • Edwin Samuel Montagu (1879-1924) Liberal M.P. (from 1906); Secretary of State for India (1917-1922). Regarded as a "radical" Liberal. The third practising Jew (after Sir Herbert Samuel and Sir Rufus Isaacs) to serve in the British cabinet. Samuel Montagu, 1st Baron Swaythling.
  • Frank Goldsmith (b.1878), lawyer, Conservative Party M.P. for Stowmarket (1910-1918). Member of Westminster City Council 1903-07; London County Council 1904-10.[10]
  • Ignatius Timothy Trebitsch-Lincoln (1879-1943) Liberal M.P. for Darlington (1910 only)).[3]
  • Sir Percy Alfred Harris, Liberal MP (1916).[11]
  • Arthur Samuel (b.1872), Conservative Party M.P. (Dec 1918).Cabinet Minister. Lord Mayor of Norwich. 1912-13.[12]
  • Samuel Samuel (b.1855), Unionist Party M.P., for Wandsworth 1913-1919 then Putney. Director of M. Samuel & Co., Merchant Bankers; Director of Lloyds Bank; the Capital and Counties Bank; et al.[13]
  • Manny Shinwell, Baron Shinwell (1884–1986) (1922), Labour Party cabinet minister & Chairman.[4]
  • Howel Walter Samuel (b.1881), lawyer, Labour Party M.P. for Swansea West 1923-24.[14]
  • Leslie Haden-Guest (1877-1960), Labour MP (1923-27)(1937-1950) and 1st Baron Haden-Guest (1950), Lord-in-Waiting to the King (Feb-Oct 1951).[15][16]
  • Leslie Hore-Belisha (1893–1957), 1st Baron Hore-Belisha (1954), Liberal M.P. for Plymouth, Devonport (from 1923) and from 1931 a National Liberal Party cabinet minister in the National Government.[5]
  • Harry Louis Nathan, 1st Baron Nathan of Churt (1929) Liberal, later Labour MP.[17]
  • Barnett Janner (1931), Labour MP.[18]
  • Dudley Joel (1931), Conservative MP.[19]
  • Sydney Silverman (1935) Labour MP 1935.[20]
  • Lewis Silkin, 1st Baron Silkin (1936), Labour cabinet minister.[21]; father of John Silkin and Samuel Silkin.


  • Herschel Lewis Austin [1911-1974] (1945), Labour MP, Stretford and Urmston, Manchester.
  • John Diamond, Baron Diamond (1945), Labour cabinet minister and later SDP leader in the House of Lords where he was made a Life Peer.[22]
  • Maurice Edelman (1911–1975) (1945), Labour M.P., "son of Jews who had emigrated from eastern Europe".[23]
  • Harold Lever, Baron Lever of Manchester (1914–1995)(1945),[6] Labour M.P., made a Life Peer. Jewish immigrants from Lithuania.
  • Ian Mikardo (1908–1993) (1945), former Communist, later a Labour M.P., and a firm Zionist (his parents, from the Russian Empire, spoke Yiddish). He was a member of National Executive Committee of the Labour Party in 1950–78, and Chairman of the Labour Party, 1970–1971. He was also Chairman of the International Committee of the Labour Party in 1973–78, and was Vice-President of the Socialist International (1978–1983) and its Honorary President (1983–1993).
  • Phil Piratin (1945),[7] , Communist Party MP
  • Samuel Segal (1945), Labour MP and later a Life Peer as Baron Segal; Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords.
  • Austen Harry Albu (1903–1994) (1948) was a Labour Member of Parliament for Edmonton for 25 years. His wives, Rose Marks & Marie Jahoda were also Jewish. Outrageously, after the end of WWII, he was made Deputy President of the British Government Sub-Commission of the Allied Control Commission in Germany.
  • David Weitzman (1945), a barrister, was elected Labour Party M.P. for Stoke Newington. 2 years later he convicted of wartime racketeering, sentenced to 12 months imprisonment and fined £500, a huge sum at the time. Labour kept him on as M.P.
  • Leslie Lever, Baron Lever, Labour (1950) then a Life Peer.
  • Sir Gerald Nabarro (1950),[24] Conservative MP.
  • Sir Henry d'Avigdor-Goldsmid, 2nd Bt., (1955), son of Viennese Jews.[25][26].
  • Sir Keith Joseph, Conservative cabinet minister and Life Peer (1956)[27]
  • Sir Philip Carter Goodhart (1957), American born to a Jewish family in New York City who owned Lehman Brothers Bank. Attended Cambridge University and subsequently became a Conservative MP and minister.[28].
  • Leo Abse (1958), solicitor and Labour MP & social reformer responsible for the repeal of the Homosexual Act in Parliament.[8]
  • Myer Galpern (1959),[9] Deputy Chairman of Ways and Means.
  • John Silkin (1963), Labour cabinet minister.>ref>JYB 1986, pps:186 & 269.</ref>
  • Joel Barnett (1964), Labour cabinet minister and Life Peer.[29]
  • Edmund Dell (1964), Labour cabinet minister & founding chairman of Channel Four, established for minorities.[10]
  • Reginald Freeson (1964), Labour minister.[30]
  • Robert Maxwell (1964), Labour MP for Buckingham, later proprietor of the Daily Mirror newspaper. A fraudster.
  • Samuel Silkin, Labour cabinet minister and Life Peer (1964).[31]
  • Paul Rose 1964-79 Labour M.P. and Opposition frontbencher.
  • Eric Moonman (1966), Labour MP.[32]
  • Robert Adley (1970), former Sales Manager at the Mayfair Hotel (1960-64), became Conservative Party MP for Bristol North-east.[24]
  • James d'Avigdor-Goldsmid (1970), Conservative MP. Described as "a member of the prominent Anglo-Jewish d'Avigdor-Goldsmid family"[33].[34]
  • Sally Oppenheim-Barnes (1970), Conservative MP.[35]
  • Michael Fidler, Conservative MP and President of the Board of Jewish Deputies from 1967 to 1973.[36]
  • Greville Janner (1970), Labour MP and Life Peer. Child molester.[37]
  • Toby Jessel (1970), Conservative MP.
  • Sir Gerald Kaufman (1970),[11] Labour MP and cabinet minister.
  • Sir Anthony Meyer (1970), Conservative MP, sometime a leadership candidate.[38]
  • Harold Benjamin Soref (1970-4), Conservative MP, and a leading member of the Conservative Monday Club.
  • Neville Sandelson, Labour & SDP(1971).
  • Sir Clement Freud (1973),[12] Liberal MP

1974 - 1999

  • Leon Brittan (1974-2015), a Lithuanian Jew, Conservative Party MP, cabinet minister and later a Life Peer, was also a EU Commissioner.[13] He was accused of historic child sex activites but died just prior to them coming to court.
  • Ivan Lawrence (1974–1997) Conservative MP, Chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee, member of the Conservative Monday Club.
  • Nigel Lawson (1974-1992), Life Peer as Baron Lawson of Blaby, Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer.[39]
  • Millie Miller (1974-1977), Labour MP.[40]
  • Sir Malcolm Rifkind (1974-2015), Conservative Party MP and Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs.[14] In 1986 he was one of those who framed the new Public Order Act which, in section 5, criminalised free speech (including use of "insulting words").
  • Alfred Dubs (1979-1987), Labour MP and Life Peer.[15]
  • David Winnick (1979-present) Labour MP for Walsall North.
  • Alexander Carlisle (1983-1997) Liberal MP for Montgomery.
  • Harry Cohen (1983-2010), Labour MP for Leyton and Wandstead.[16]
  • Edwina Currie (née Cohen)(1983-1997),[17] Conservative MP and cabinet minister.
  • Michael Howard (real name Hecht)(1983-2010), Conservative MP for Folkestone and Hythe,[18] cabinet minister, becoming Leader of the Party and Leader of the Opposition from 2003 to 2005. Made a Life Peer in 2010.
  • Phillip Oppenheim (1983-1997) Conservative MP for Amber Valley, Under-Secretary of State to the Department of Employment and Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury. Also a political columnist for The Sunday Times newspaper.
  • Robert Sheldon (1964-2001) Labour MP for Ashton-under-Lyne.
  • David Sumberg (1983–1997) Conservative MP for Bury South.
  • Michael Fabricant (1992-present) Conservative MP.
  • Barbara Roche (née Margolis) (1992-2005), Labour minister.[19]
  • Margaret Hodge (née Oppenheimer; born in Cairo)(1994-present),[20] Labour Minister of State for Industry and the Regions.
  • John Bercow (1997-2019), Conservative MP for Buckingham and Speaker of the House of Commons.[41]
  • Louise Ellman (1997-present), Labour MP.[21]
  • Fabian Hamilton (1997-present), Labour MP.[22]
  • Evan Harris (1997), Liberal Democrat MP.[23]
  • Oona King (1997-2005), Labour MP (1997–2005),[24] second negress MP (Jewish mother), niece of Miriam Stoppard.
  • Oliver Letwin (1997-present), Conservative Party MP[25] and was a shadow cabinet member. Chairman of the Policy Review & Chairman of the Conservative Research Department. Also employed by Rothschild's Bank.
  • Julian Lewis (1997-present), Conservative MP for New Forest, and former Conservative Party Central Office bureaucrat.
  • Ivan Lewis (1997-2019), Labour Minister of State for Health.[26] He was suspended from the Labour Party in November 2017 after sexual misconduct allegations.[42]
  • Gillian Merron (1997-2010), Foreign Office Minister.[27]

2000 to present

Four important people in British politics — part-Jewish Boris Johnson, former Prime Minister, Pakistani Muslim Sajid Javid, former Chancellor, Indian Hindu Priti Patel, former Home Secretary, and (not shown here) Jewish Dominic Raab as Deputy Prime Minister as well as Secretary of State for Justice — are all devout members of Conservative Friends of Israel.[43]
  • Jonathan Djanogly (2001-present) Conservative Party MP for Huntingdon.
  • David Miliband (2001-2013), Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Labour MP for South Shields and former Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (June 2007 - May 2010) and Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (May 2006 - June 2007). Brother of Ed Miliband and son of leading Marxist theorist and former communist Ralph Miliband.
  • Lynne Featherstone (2005-2015), Liberal Democrat MP.
  • Susan Kramer (2005-2010) Liberal Democrat candidate for Richmond-upon-Thames.
  • Ed Miliband (2005-present) Leader of the Labour Party (25 Sept 2010 - May 2015), former Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change (Oct 2008 - May 2010), Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Brother of David Miliband and son of leading Marxist theorist and former communist Ralph Miliband.
  • Lee Scott (2005-2015), Conservative MP.[44]
  • Grant Shapps (2005-present) Conservative MP for Welwyn Hatfield. Co-Chairman of the Conservative Party until 28 Nov 2015 when he was forced to resign in a bullying scandal. In 2019 he was appointed Secretary of State for Transport. In an interview with the Jewish Chronicle Shapps said: "I feel totally Jewish; I am totally Jewish. I don't eat pork, we only buy kosher meat and we don't mix meat and milk. I like being Jewish and I married a Jewish girl. It's like a way of life and it's good to be able to instill some of that sense of being in your kids."[45]
  • Daniel Finkelstein. A Liberal who joined the fake Conservative Party. Between 1995 and 1997 was Director of the Conservative Research Department, said to have been an 'advisor' to Prime Minister John Major, and attended meetings of the Cabinet when it sat in political session. Finkelstein became among the earliest advocates of the 'modernisation' of the Conservative Party, laying out his principles of change in a series of speeches and columns in The Times newspaper for which he was a journalist and sometime Executive Editor. He remains a weekly political columnist and is now Associate Editor. In 2013 he was made a Conservative Party Life Peer.[46] He is a former chairman of Policy Exchange who was succeeded by another Jew, David Frum, in 2014.[47]
  • Brooks Newmark (2005-2015) Conservative MP for Braintree.
  • Luciana Berger (2010-2019) Labour MP for Liverpool Wavertree.
  • Michael Ellis (2010-present) Conservative MP for Northampton North.
  • Zac Goldsmith (2010-2015)(2016-2019) Conservative MP for Richmond. Now a Life Peer serving as Minister of State for the Pacific and the Environment.
  • Ruth Smeeth (2015 - 2019) Labour MP for Stoke-on-Trent North. She complained in parliament on 1 September 2016 that she had received thousands of abusive anti-semitic messages.[48]
  • Robert Halfon (2010 - present) Conservative MP for Harlow, a Cabinet Minister, a Privy Councillor, and Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party. Before becoming an MP he worked as chief of staff for the Conservative MP Oliver Letwin before becoming political director for Conservative Friends of Israel. On 18th July 2014 he was chosen by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, to be his Parliamentary Private Secretary. In November 2015 he was involved in a major expenses scandal.
  • Richard Harrington (2010 - present) Conservative MP for Watford. Until March 2010 he was chairman of the Executive Board of the Conservative Friends of Israel, which, during his tenure, had quadrupled in size financially. He was appointed Treasurer of the Conservative Party in 2008.
  • Dominic Raab (2010 - present) Conservative Party MP for Esher and Walton, Surrey. His Jewish father came to the UK from Czechoslovakia in 1938 and who, unsurprisingly, was a manager for Marks & Spencer. An international business lawyer specialising in 'Human Rights'. He was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Minister for Human Rights, at the Ministry of Justice on 12 May 2015. He served as Brexit Secretary in 2018 and First Secretary of State and Foreign Secretary from 2019 to 2021. In 2023 he was Secretary of State for Justice, Lord Chancellor and Deputy Prime Minister, the latter post being resigned by him on April 23 following an enquiry, upheld, that he aggressively bullied civil servants. he has announced that he will be standing down at the next General Election.[49]
  • Luciana Clare Berger (2010 - present) Labour MP for Liverpool Wavertree. Married Alistair Goldsmith at the city's Princes Road Synagogue in June 2015. She is a vitriolic campaigner against so-called anti-semitism.
  • Andrew Simon Feldman, 'Lord' Feldman of Elstree, a close friend since university of David Cameron who appointed him as chief fundraiser and Conservative Party Deputy Treasurer. In July 2008 Cameron promoted Feldman to Chief Executive of the Conservative Campaign Headquarters. In October 2008 he was involved in a corruption scandal involving Nathaniel Rothschild. On 11 May 2010, Cameron appointed Feldman as the Co-Chairman of the Party (with Grant Shapps and a Muslim - meaning all three were foreign in origin). On 17 December 2010 Feldman was created a Life Peer by Cameron. In May 2013, Feldman was widely attributed with making a claim that Conservative parliamentary rebellions on a referendum on European Union membership and same sex marriage were due to Conservative Associations being "all mad, swivel-eyed loons".
  • Maurice Saatchi, a Conservative Party Life Peer. Under the party leadership of Iain Duncan Smith, Saatchi served as Shadow Treasury spokesman in the Lords, forming a close relationship with another Jew Michael Howard (real surname Hecht), who was Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer. After Howard became leader of the Conservative Party in November 2003, Saatchi was appointed joint chairman of the party, a classic example of blatant nepotism.
  • Sir Ehud Sheleg (born 1955) is the Israeli Jew and possible "binary options" fraudster who in 2019 was Treasurer of the Conservative Party. He has openly admitted in the Jewish Chronicle that he puts Israel’s interests above those of any other country. He succeeded:
  • Sir Michael Davis, a Jewish accountant and investor from South Africa. After making substantial donations to the Conservative Party he became in 2016 the CEO and Treasurer of that Party – a post he held until 24 July 2019.[50]
  • Stuart Polak is a Conservative Party Life Peer, having joined the Conservative Friends of Israel in 1989. He served as its Director for twenty-six years, until August 2015; he now serves as its honorary president. He attended the Childwall Hebrew Congregation, a synagogue in Liverpool, where he was a chazan, or cantor, on Jewish High Holidays. He took educational trips to Israel from the age of fifteen and was a youth officer at the Edgware United Synagogue in northwest London. He served as an officer of the Board of Deputies of British Jews in the 1980s.
  • Robert Jenrick is Conservative Party M.P., for Newark (since 2014); appointed Minister of State for Immigration in October 2022. He is a member of the Parliamentary Conservative Friends of Israel group.[51][52] In July 2019 he spoke of his visit to Auschwitz concentration camp; "It had a huge impact on me and in particular because my wife is the daughter of Holocaust survivors from modern day Poland and Ukraine."[53] Jenrick has said his connection to the Jewish community forms a very important and integral part of my life.[53] He is married to Michal Berkner. She is nine years older than Jenrick[54] and is the child of Holocaust survivors.[55] She is an Israeli-born and US educated[56] corporate lawyer who practises mainly in London. The couple have three daughters, whom they are bringing up in the Jewish faith.[57]
  • Suella Braverman, M.P., the Home Secretary (2023), whose Asian parents immigrated from Kenya and Mauritius, has a Jewish husband, Rael. Speaking to a meeting of the Asian-Jewish Business Network in 2021, Braverman described her husband as a "very proud member of the Jewish community" and stated his family are contributors to the Bushey synagogue.[58]


  • Alma Birk, Baroness Birk [59], Labour politician
  • Andrew Feldman, Baron Feldman of Elstree, Conservative Party politician.
  • Anna Gaitskell, Baroness Gaitskell [59], Labour Party politician
  • Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron, Labour politician and philanthropist
  • Peter Goldsmith, Baron Goldsmith [28], [29], Attorney General
  • Arnold Goodman, Baron Goodman [30], solicitor
  • George Gordon, Baron Gordon, politician (converted)[60]
  • Sydney Jacobson, Baron Jacobson, newspaper editor [61]
  • Immanuel Jakobovits, Baron Jakobovits, Chief rabbi
  • Michael Levy, Baron Levy[62]
  • Edward Levy-Lawson, 1st Baron Burnham [31], newspaper proprietor
  • Frederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell,[63] scientist and Government minister
  • Maurice Peston, Baron Peston of Mile End (1987) [32], Labour peer & economist, father of the BBC's sometime Business Editor Robert Peston
  • Beatrice Plummer, Baroness Plummer [59], Labour Party politician
  • Samuel Segal, Baron Segal (1964), Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords
  • Beatrice Serota, Baroness Serota [59], Labour Party politician
  • David Triesman, Baron Triesman [33], Labour peer and Junior Minister
  • Leslie Turnberg, Baron Turnberg, Physician.
  • Leonard Wolfson, Baron Wolfson (JYB 2005 p212)
  • Harry Woolf, Baron Woolf [34], Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales 2000-2006.
  • David Young, Baron Young of Graffham, Conservative Party politician
  • Sir Alan Sugar, Baron Sugar, Labour, enterprise tsar

Miscellaneous others

  • Patricia Feldman Richardson, the British National Party's first Jewish candidate.[64] In 2004 Richardson said the party was not anti-Semitic.
  • Hilda Bernstein [35] Anti-apartheid activist
  • Tony Cliff [36], (né Yigael Gluckstein) Palestinian-born Marxist theorist and founder of the Socialist Workers Party
  • Gerry Gable [37], member of the Communist Party of Great Britain, "Anti-fascist" activist, co-founder (with Nick Cohen) and publisher of Searchlight magazine.
  • Nicky Gavron [38], Socialist Deputy Mayor of Greater London and an environmental freak who has called for a new Clean Air Act and attacked people using patio heaters.[65]
  • Sir James Goldsmith, financier, property developer, asset-stripper, and founder of the short-lived Referendum Party
  • Sir Israel Gollancz (b.1863), Knt.Bach.(1919), and academic. The first Hon.Secretary of the British Academy upon its foundation in 1903. Married 1910 Alide, daughter of Adolphus Goldschmidt.[66]
  • Victor Gollancz [39], principal publisher for the Labour Party and left-wing political activist.
  • Ted Grant [40], (né Isaac Blank) South African-born Marxist theorist and founder of the Militant Tendency
  • Sidney Hart, Trade Unionist.[67]
  • Lou Kenton, joined the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1929 and was an International Brigades volunteer in Spain.
  • James Klugmann (Norman John Klugmann) [68], a communist activist and editor of Marxism Today.[69]
  • Minnie Lansbury (née Glassman) [70], suffragette and became an Alderman for the Labour Party in Poplar Borough Council in 1919.
  • Eleanor Marx, daughter and secretary of Karl Marx
"His beloved daughter Eleanor, however, who acted as his secretary, considered herself Jewish, took an interest in her ancestors, and had a warm appreciation for the Jewish workers in the East End of London."[71]
  • Ralph Miliband (1924–94) [41] (né Adolphe Miliband) Belgian born Polish-Jewish Marxist theorist and father of Labour Party Members of Parliament, David and Ed Miliband.
  • Shirley Porter (née Cohen), Tesco supermarket heiress, Lord Mayor of Westminster 1991-92.
  • Walter Jakob Wolfgang, a Far-Left founder of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. In August 2006 he became a member of the Labour Party's National Executive Committee.
  • Chaim Herzog [42], Israel's sixth president, born in Belfast the son of Rabbi Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog, who was Chief Rabbi of Ireland from 1919 to 1937 (and later of Mandatory Palestine and the new State of Israel). Involved in Jewish terrorist activity in Palestine from 1935, he returned to the UK to join the army for the duration of WWII.
  • Sir Julius Vogel, born and educated in London, later Prime Minister of New Zealand.
  • David Cameron accepted a donation of £15,000 from Poju Zabludowicz, an influential Zionist Jewish arms dealer and rich businessman operating primarily in the United Kingdom, in his campaign for the leadership of the Conservative Party, against David Davis.


  1. Macaulay, Lord, Historical Essays, Oxford University Press, London, 1932, citation from "Civil Disabilities of the Jews: January 1831", p.84-96.
  3. Black, A & C., Who's Who 1927, 79th edition, London, p.2605.
  4. Black, 1927, p.2605.
  5. Black, 1927, p.2459.
  6. Black, 1927, p.2075.
  7. Jewish Year Book, London, 1911, p.297.
  8. Encyclopaedia Judaica vol.12, p.241-2.
  9. Jewish Heraldry "As noted, Sir Nathaniel Rothschild was the first Jewish Peer in 1885. Later Peers include Rufus Isaacs (Baron 1914, Viscount 1916, Marquis of Reading 1926), Samuel (Viscount Bearsted in 1925), Herbert Samuel (Viscount Samuel 1937), Montagu Samuel-Montagu (Baron Swaythling in 1907), Jessel (Baron Jessel in 1924), Alfred Mond (Baron Melchett in 1928), Samuel (Baron Mancroft in 1937), Nathan (Baron Nathan in 1940), Silkin (Baron Silkin in 1950)." Accessed 28 November 2006.
  10. Black, 1927, p.1146.
  11. Obituary, Jewish Chronicle, 4 July 1952
  12. Black, 1927, p.2604.
  13. Black, 1927, p.2605.
  14. Black, 1927, p.2605.
  15. "The first Jewish Labour candidate, Captain Haden-Guest": Jewish Chronicle March 11, 1966, page 8
  16. Black, A & C., Who Was Who 1951-1960, London, 1961, p.466.
  17. Jewish Heraldry see Arthur Samuel
  18. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "Jewish leader"
  19. Jewish Chronicle July 25, 1941, p.12, "Jews in the Navy"
  20. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "of Jewish parentage"
  21. Encyclopaedia Judaica, vol.14, cols 1539-1540.
  22. The Independent newspaper, London, April 6, 2004.
  23. Concise Dictionary of National Biography.
  24. 24.0 24.1 Guardian, Saturday October 23, 1999
  26. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "Harry, as he was always called, united both in blood as well as name the vitality, attitudes, and temperaments of two Jewish banking dynasties"
  27. JYB 1988, pps:192 & 227.
  28. Flade, Ronald, The Lehmans: From Rimpar to the New World, A Family History, 2nd enlarged edition, 1999; reviewed by the American Jewish Historical Society. Accessed 14 Nov 2006.
  29. JYB 2005, p.212.
  30. JYB 2005, pps:212 & 241-2.
  31. JYB 1986, pps: 185 & 269-70.
  32. JYB 2005, p.279.
  33. Wikipedia
  34. American Jewish Year Book, 1989
  35. JYB 2005, pps: 212 & 282-3.
  36. Obituary, Jewish Chronicle, September 8, 1989, p.18
  38. Spectator, 2/12/1989 p5: "Sir Anthony ... is a representative of the enlightened haute juiverie"
  39. JYB 2005, p.212.
  40. Jewish Chronicle, October 18, 1974, p.5: List of Jewish MPs
  41. The Spectator Mar 20, 1999; online here [1]
  42. "MP Ivan Lewis suspended by Labour". BBC News. 23 November 2017. 
  43. Unexamined, Unquestioned, Unchallenged: Jewish Power in Brave New Britain
  44. Jewish Chronicle, 7 Dec 2006, p.5: "The Jewish Conservative MP for Ilford North"
  46. "JC Power 100: Numbers 50 - 11", The Jewish Chronicle, 10 September 2014
  47. "Policy Exchange appoints David Frum as new chairman", Policy Exchange, 19 September 2014
  48. Jewish Labour MP reveals she received more than 20,000 pieces of abuse in just 12 hours
  50. Unexamined, Unquestioned, Unchallenged: Jewish Power in Brave New Britain
  51. robert jenrick | Search Results (en-GB).
  52. TheyWorkForYou (en).
  53. 53.0 53.1 Rashty, Sandy (26 July 2019). "New communities secretary enjoys pre-Shabbat walkabout in Golders Green". Jewish News. 
  54. Kenber, Billy (24 June 2020). "Tories gave Robert Jenrick home renovation the go-ahead". The Times. 
  55. Lee Harpin (26 July 2019). New Communities Secretary visits Golders Green. The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved on 15 June 2021.
  56. Michal Berkner. Cooley.
  57. Harpin, Lee (26 July 2019). "New Communities Secretary visits Golders Green". The Jewish Chronicle. 
  58. Cohen, Justin, "Suella Braverman: I'm the number one fan of my in-law's Friday night dinners". Retrieved 28 October 2022.
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.3 Encyclopaedia Judaica, art. Politics: "Four women were among the first ten Jews to be made life peers: Dora Gaitskell, Beatrice Serota, Alma Birk and Beatrice Plummer"
  60. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "became a Jew"
  61. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the only son and elder child of Samuel and Anna Jacobson, a Jewish couple"
  62. [[Jewish Year Book, 2005, pps:212,270
  63. Jewish Science and Technology Books, accessed 20 Feb 2007.
  66. Whitaker's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Companionage, London, 1923, p.291.
  67. Obituary, The Jewish Chronicle, 15/04/05, p.40.
  68. Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "son of Jewish parents"
  70. Jewish Chronicle, April 13, 2007, p.6: "a Jewish suffragette, councillor and socialist"
  71. Encyclopaedia Judaica, under Art. Marx, Karl Heinrich.