Adolf Hitler and art

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Adolf Hitler

Besides being a great political leader and thinker, Adolf Hitler the artist had a great interest in various artistic forms including opera, sculpture, and paintings. The artistic side of the Führer has gone unnoticed in history or, at least, not attached to the importance it deserves.

As a child, Hitler was different from other children. He had an inner strength and was guided by his spirit and instincts. He was able to draw skillfully when he was only eleven. His early drawings and watercolors at the age of 15, were full of poetry and sensitivity. One of his most notable works of his early days Fortress Utopia ("Utopia of Strength"), indicates he was also was an artist of rare imagination. His artistic orientation took many forms. As a youth he wrote poetry and dedicated an entire work to his sister Paula. At the age of 16, in Vienna, he embarked on the creation of an opera designing the scenery and costumes for his Wagnerian heroes. More than an artist Hitler was above all an architect.

Hundreds of his works are notable both for his painting as its architecture. From memory he could describe in detail the dome of a church or the complex curves of wrought iron. It was, without doubt, his dream of becoming an architect which led him to Vienna at the beginning of the century. When you see the hundreds of drawings, sketches and paintings created in this period as well as his mastery of three-dimensional figures, it seems surprising that the reviewers of the Academy of Arts suspended him for two consecutive times. The German historian Werner Maser, who was not exactly a friend of Hitler, criticized Hitler's examiners stateing, "All his works reveal an extraordinary knowledge and awareness of architecture". The builder of the Third Reich gave reason for the Academy of Arts to be embarrassed.

Who was Hitler? First and foremost was an artist. An unknown artist that we would be presented as an evil daubing buildings, when in fact, some of his paintings, especially those painted during the First World War, in front of Flanders and the French front, are works of art of balance of ideas of serenity, transparent colors. There are no great men who are not first and foremost, great artists. All work, whether or not political, not enhance the splendor of beauty is but a tree without roots, ready to be discarded by the next storm.

Artist, Hitler at the bottom of himself, since nobody will help, "the big forces that beauty nutritional needs. When the man is possessed by the beauty, what power does not feed your faith? Then nothing will stand. In just ten years, an entire people give body and soul to Hitler.

In a thousand years until the end of time. Hitler the Great, known as the centuries continue to live [1][2].

Contents

Writing

Mein Kampf.

Adolf Hitler was the author of two books: Mein Kampf and Zweites Buch. One of them, Mein Kampf, is considered one of the most popular books around the world. It was declared a bestseller in Turkey after selling over 50,000 copies in 2005; Ogus Tekto, owner of Mephisto, one of the publishers who published the book, told the AFP news agency that the book had always been "... a secret bestseller" [3]. In Bangladesh, the book is widely distributed through street vendors and although it is not possible to perform an official count, as many do so illegally, we can say that was once a best seller [4]. In India, the book became a bestseller in 2009 after being sold as a self-help book [5]; publishers like Jaico claim to have sold more than a 100,000 copies in the last 10 years and not only this, but the Jaico's chief editor RH Sharma says: "There has been a steady rise of 10% to 15% in the book's sale"; others with Crossword has sold more than 25,000 copies since 2000 and marketing head Sivaram Balakrishnan says: "It's been a consistent bestseller for us" [6]. In China, despite stringent political control, the book also has managed to become a best seller [7]. In QatarAnd in Japan was even made ​​a manga version of this book, which sold over 50,000 copies just in the first 6 months [8]. Therefore, we conclude that the book is a success in Asia, where the sale is not prohibited.

In Germany, from 1930 onwards, the book was gaining in popularity (Going on to sell over 90,000 copies in 1932). Gained such popularity that even used to give a copy of the book toevery newlywed couple, at students when they graduated [9] and every soldier fighting at the front. And by the end of the war, about 10 million copies of the book had been sold or distributed. In 1945 his publication was banned in this country. And today, the copyright of all editions of Mein Kampf —except the English and Dutch— owned by the State of Bavaria, who, according to the Federal Government of Germany does not allow any copying or printing of the book in Germany and opposes any edition in other countries, with less success. However, the book is still widely distributed both as objects of study (Which is permitted) and illegally to the public. In Netherlands to sell the book, even if an old copy, is illegal and classified as racial hate speech, but it is neither possess nor lend. Equally, it is also widely distributed illegally or as a gift. In Spain, however, its sale is allowed. And you may find it in bookstores as Librería Europa [10]. Therefore, despite the prohibitions, we may say that the book is also a success in Europe.

In short, the book, which combines elements of autobiography with an exposition of the ideas of Adolf Hitler and nationalsocialist ideology, is a work of art that has inspired many and attracted the attention of even the critics of this ideology.

The other book, in contrast, never achieved the fame of the first. This might be because Zweites Buch was not published during the Third Reich, but was kept in a vault of the Central Publications of NSDAP, until 1945 when it was discovered by a U.S. officer, and only in 1961, the Institut fur Zeitgeschichte, published for the first time the document. Furthermore, the content of this book focuses more on deepening the ideological aspect reflected in the first book more what to provide biographical information on the life of the author, making it less attractive to general readers and limiting it to a group of readers interested in policy. Anyway, both books show the great writing skills that Adolf Hitler had.

Poetry

Your mother

Klara Hitler, mother of Adolf Hitler.

Hitler was devoted to his mother, so his death on December 21, 1907, affected him deeply. Perhaps that is why he did this wonderful poem dedicated to mothers. In it, try to create awareness among people whose mothers are still alive, the valuable it is.

When your mother has already aged,
When her eyes love and hope
no longer see life as it once did,
When her feet, and tired,
Can no longer hold her while walking


So give her your arm in support,
Join her with joy,
The time will come when, weeping,
should accompany her on her last legs.


And if you question something,
then give a response.
And if you ask again, talk to her!
And if you question yet again, respond,
Not eagerly, but with gentle calm.


And if she can not understand you clearly,
explain everything with gentle joy.
Will come when the bitter hour
that her lips will not ask anything more.
[citation needed]

—(Adolf Hitler, 1923)

Happened in the forest of Artois thickness

During World War I did the Christmas truce. The Christmas truce was a series of widespread unofficial ceasefires that took place along the Western Front around Christmas of 1914, during the First World War. Through the week leading up to Christmas, parties of German and British soldiers began to exchange seasonal greetings and songs between their trenches; on occasion, the tension was reduced to the point that individuals would walk across to talk to their opposite numbers bearing gifts. On Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, many soldiers from both sides – as well as, to a lesser degree, from French units – independently ventured into "No man's land", where they mingled, exchanging food and souvenirs. As well as joint burial ceremonies, several meetings ended in carol-singing. Troops from both sides had also been so friendly as to play games of football with one another [11]. We assume that a similar event was witnessed that Hitler and he was inspired to create this poem.

Upon in the dense forest Artois...
deep in the forest, on ground Blooddrunk
a German soldier was lying injured
And their voices echoed in the night
In vain ... No echo answered his wake-up call...
Should bleed freely like a piece
mortally wounded busting alone.

Then suddenly...
heavy footsteps approaching from the right.
Tamp it sounds like the forest floor
And new hope will sprout from the soul.
And now from the left...
and now by both parties...

Two men approach instead of suffering
It is a German and a Frenchman.
And both are covered with a look of suspicion rigorous
And hold the threatening rifle ready.
The German question
"What are you doing here?"
"I've gone to the poorest of the calls for help"
"It is your enemy!"
"A man who suffers!".

And without saying anything, both down the gun.
Then braid each other's hands
And they raise carefully stressed muscles
The wounded combatant, as with a stretcher.
And by mutual agreement to carry you through the forest
Until they reach the line of German sentries.
"Now is achieved. Here you will be under the faithful care"
And the French tour heading for the forest.
But the German kept him hand
looks at him with troubled eyes moved and melancholy
And he said with grave seriousness of omen:

"I know what fate holds for us,
Queen impenetrable as the stars.
May fall victim of a bullet.
Did you extend the mine in the sand.
Because it is perhaps confusing the battle,
Whatever the case and wants to come too
We live the holy hour
only in his humanity is the man...
And now Goodbye and may God preserve you!"
[12]

—Adolf Hitler, Spring 1916. Artois (Flanders). According to a true event

The prophet of the Iron Age

Hitler (left), During World War I

During the First World War, Adolf Hitler, wrote a poem which shows the Aryan-pagan esoteric symbolism present in Norse mythology he loved. Here's the poem:

Sometimes, in the bitter nights I go to Oak Wotan.
Surrounded by silent glare,
To forge an alliance with the powers at night.
The runic letters that makes the moon with his magic spell
and all those who during the day are full of impudence,
They become small before the magic formula!
They cast steel spears, but instead of hitting the target,
Solidify into stalagmites.
Thus, the false are separated from the real.
I came to a nest of swords and then give my formula
Blessings and prosperity for the good and the

fair [citation needed].

—(Adolf Hitler, 1915)

You can see things like: The World Tree (The Yggdrasil), Wotan (Also known as Odin), runes, magic, the powers of the stars and the cosmos, the desire for justice and separate the good and righteous of those who are false. When Hitler wrote that he was in battle and was 26 years. Probably the work of Richard Wagner inspired him greatly.

Blind

Ward in which Adolf Hitler was recovered from the gas attack that left him temporarily blind.

On October 15, 1918, shortly before the end of the war, Adolf Hitler was taken to a hospital, where he was temporarily blinded by a poison gas attack. Hitler said metaphorically that during this experience, removing the blindfold covering her eyes when she discovered that "the purpose of my life was to achieve the salvation of Germany". This experience inspired him to write a poem titled Blind on 14 November 1918 at the Military Hospital Pasewalk Reserve.

Recently I saw a young fighter blind
Only in the spring of his life, still almost a boy
With noble face, great figure,
But his poor cold dead eyes,
Like when a child takes his first steps.
It seemed as if laughing bear their fate,
But will a smile! Stunned, the blank stare
As if peering into the distance, -feeling
Because it is blind!

Das a look at his youthful features, hastily,
and again you look at the eyes,
Dead tired, which are useless.
It was a painful spasm. Wandering and questioning,
Wander around the mouth pale, melancholy, accusingly.
Few things touch my heart deeply and mites
That smile blind-that, I will never forget.
Painful struggles before orientation.
Because it is blind!

Quietly has been delivered to its destination
How cruel war is, how hard life!
Far and the overwhelming impetus of youth.
What thoughts will parade behind that white face!
Because after some sleep now will never meet,
and from now those eyes remain veiled
for what was once so dear to them: the splendor of the flowers,
the cordial greetings of the stars at night,
sunlight scattered over the fields.
Because it is blind!

The bird is swinging in the branches,
the portrait of the bride, the mother's dear face,
The new daylight awake!
The eternal night is now the unhappy fate.
Is there still some sacrifice of this magnitude,
that can be offered to the country?

In the spring of life - and as a blind man!
We the viewers can realize how rich we are?
The word so brief, contains a deep tragedy:
Blind!
I thank the Lord to be able to see again [citation needed].

Declamation

See also: Declamation
Adolf Hitler declaming in 1937.
A comparative example between Adolf Hitler and the opera singer and Spanish orchestra conductor Plácido Domingo, where you can see the Fuhrer's innate talent for opera.

Between April and November 1932, in the political rise and before coming to power, Adolf Hitler took lessons in declamation of a German opera singer, Paul Devrient.

This chapter in the life of the Führer, is reflected in thedaily Devrient wrote during this period and that the historian Werner Maser, justrecovered after publishing it without much echo, in 1975. My student Adolf Hitler is the detailed narrative of the efforts and challenges of a teacher to educate the voice and gestures of an unruly student, proud of his oratory.

His innate vocal abilities are not enough for strenuous work he, at least in the long term. Only through a methodical instruction and be able to get it, he tells the teacher to Hitler in one of the sessions. Do not you think I'm exaggerating?, the student responds with his characteristic indomitable spirit, unwilling to let train, but aware that he needed to hone their skills.

Hitler decided to take diction lessons on the advice of a doctor who warned him that he had exhausted the vocal cords and deformed nose. His voice did not yield more.

In 1932, the German leader has participated in five campaigns and even made four speeches a day in different cities. Devrient was when he accompanied the future Fuhrer of Germany.

Classes are held in the dead time of the campaign, in hotels or at the end of speeches. Often, Hitler became angry and questioned the method of the teacher. But at other times applied with discipline [13]. Here are some excerpts from the dialogues recorded on the daily basis.

The Führer irritation. "I'm sitting here, waiting, and you just hoped not to have been delayed too. It has made me wait and I lost my desire to work. What right have you to steal my time? What makes me me to do these classes? Why do I have to take my time off with this?" (Hitler)

Impurities. "You seem able to convince the audience. He has shown me that would be a great speaker ... If I can free up their language and movements of some impurities, it will get." (Devrient)

Learning difficult. "It seems almost impossible to dance to several songs at once: take into account both the techniques of speech, the audience, which I can not stop looking for a second, the text and the necessary strength of conviction of my speech." (Hitler)

Willingness to improve. "I want to be independent of the technique. How long does until I can fill my voice effortlessly with a large space, without the help of these microphones, speakers and cables that you can not trust?" (Hitler)

Gesturing too. "At first, his movements and gestures are almost adequate. But then unfortunately happens: the enthusiasm of the public sees and forgets himself. The public interest to stop the speech, because such gestures tired. The desired effect is lost." (Devrient)

Reprimand. "While his voice is strong by nature, does not sound or healthy or strong. The effect is weak and sickly. The listeners feel that he has no air and his voice is compressed." (Devrient)

The student defends. "I do the best I can! Think of the great applause I get ... Touches thousands of souls! No one can deny. This is what counts." (Hitler). You want to shock or wants to win? (Devrient) [14]

Paint

Since childhood, Hitler wanted to become a famous painter, which led him to create irreconcilable differences with his father Alois Hitler (who wanted her son to become an official like him). His mother, however, encouraged his son on the way to fulfill his cherished dream.

The seventeenth birthday, Hitler went to Vienna for the first time (a cosmopolitan and multicultural), staying in the city for two months thanks to financial help from relatives and his mother. During his stay, he visited the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, where he consulted with the requirements for admission.

In October 1907 he returned to Vienna to compete in the General School of Painting, Academy of Fine Arts. He took many of his drawings, hoping that would succeed as a painter. There were 112 candidates for the course, of which only 28 passed the rigorous exams. Hitler was not approved. A synod explained that, despite his remarkable talent, his drawings were of buildings and that none contained the action of people or animals. The rector of the Academy advised him to try in the field of architecture, as he felt he had more talent to be an architect. After this failure took steps to enroll in the School of Architecture, but was rejected for lack of baccalaureate certificate.

Finally, Hitler decided to temporarily abandon his dream of becoming an artist to serve his country in the First World War. After the war, major events occur that bypass this dream [15][16].

Problem to draw people?

Portrait of an elderly woman (Pencil graphite) shows his ability to draw people.

Over time it has spread the myth that Adolf Hitler was bad painting human figures and why he was refused admission to the Academy of Fine Arts, however, a variety of his works prove otherwise (especially those made pencil).

The problem probably arises because of the contrast between its extraordinary architectural paintings and drawings are humans not so exceptional, giving the viewer the feeling that the latter are "bad". First, it is equally impossible to compare a work with oils or watercolors with a work in pencil, because the colors and textures of the first materials cause various effects on perception and human behavior [17]. And finally, do not stand out in this kind of drawings do not necessarily mean "bad" to do so (as the taste varies from person to person).

Paintings during the First World War

See also: First World War
Hitler squad, with the names of each of the members, during the First World War (he is third from left).

During his distinguished service in World War I, Adolf Hitler portrayed the different scenes of destruction that the war caused. This idea could be compared to the famous Spanish artist Francisco de Goya, who in his series The Disasters of War (1808-1814) recorded unrestrained and raw disasters caused by the Spanish War of Independence. However, the artist recorded mainly the cruelty and brutality of human beings, unlike Hitler, who embodied the consequences of human brutality (For example, buildings destroyed).

Watercolors inspired by Walt Disney characters

See also: Walt Disney
Pinocchio, Doc, Dopey and Bashful (From left to right and top to bottom).
Where they were hidden box of watercolors featuring characters from Walt Disney.

In 1940, the Fuhrer, a series of watercolors painted on some of the popular characters from children's fable Pinocchio, Snow White and the versions of Walt Disney. White's characters that he painted were: Dopey, Doc and Bashful. As for Pinocchio, he painted the principal character.

In 2007, Norwegian William Hakvaag bought for just 300 dollars (200 euros) a watercolor at auction on the Internet that showed a typical Bavarian style house situated in a quiet romantic setting, surrounded by tall pines, and was signed by "A. Hitler 40". Buyers do not seem very interested in the work. And the owner of it, said he found it in an attic while cleaning the house of his grandparents (Apparently, the watercolors had been in possession of the family For two generations).

By changing the frame, he met with four watercolors hidden: three with drawings based on the classic 1937 cartoon Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, all signed with the initials "AH", and another Pinocchio.

The fact that Hitler had the film Snow White and was excited about it is proved, among other things, with notes on the daily propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels. Hakvaag sure found out that after the surprise discovery in the picture frame.

Anyway, Norwegian television asked the presence of art historian Tommy Sorbo to accompany the interview Hakvaag. And he confirmed, in principle, that the paper is quite old and that the initials could come from Hitler.

Sorbo doubts focus rather on the fact that the German leader may have another thing in mind in 1940 that copying cartoon characters. Along with Hakvaag, investigated issues such as when the tremors began in the hands of Hitler, that would have made impossible the realization of the drawings.

But neither came to any clear conclusion. The discovery of the German forger Konrad Kujau, who wrote a fake Hitler diaries in the early 80's, does not alter William Hakvaag. "No, I knew from the beginning that this was false." In the case of the watercolors, in contrast, "everything fits together somehow".

The discoverer of the watercolors thinks she knows why, Hitler would have done: "I wanted to impress his girlfriend Eva Braun and say, look what I know to do" [18][19][20].

Architecture

Hitler and Speer at Obersalzberg looking at a plan for the new Opera of Linz.

Hitler was quite fond of the numerous theatres built by Hermann and Ferdinand Fellner, who built in the late baroque style. In addition, he appreciated the stricter architects of the 19th century such as Gottfried Semper, who built the Dresden Opera House, the Picture Gallery in Dresden, the court museums in Vienna and Theophil Freiherr von Hansen, who designed several buildings in Athens in 1840. He raved about the Palais Garnier, home of the Paris Opera, and the Law Courts of Brussels by the architect Poelaert.

Ultimately, he was always drawn back to inflated neo-baroque such as Kaiser Wilhelm II had fostered, through his court architect Ernst von Ihne.

The Führer did not have one particular style; there was no official architecture of the Reich, only the neoclassical baseline. Hitler appreciated the permanent qualities of the classical style as it had a relationship between the Dorians and the Germanic world.

Adolf Hitler with his favorite architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, Albert Speer, and others like Hermann Bartels, German Bestelmeyer, Woldemar Brinkmann, Roderich Fick, Leonhard Gall, Hermann Giesler, Wilhelm Grebe, Clemens Klotz, Wilhelm Kreis, Werner March, Eugen Honig, Franz Ruff, Ludwig Ruff, Ernst Sagebiel, Paul Schmitthenner, Julius Schulte-Frohlinde, Paul Schultze-Naumburg, Alexander von Senger, Paul Troost and Rudolf Wolters, devised extraordinary architectural works.

Some of these extreordinarios architectural works were:

Welthauptstadt Germania

Model of Germania displayed in occasion of Adolf Hitler birthday.

Welthauptstadt Germania ("World Capital Germania") refers to the projected renewal of the German capital Berlin during the Third Reich, part of Adolf Hitler's vision for the future of Germany after the planned victory in World War II. Albert Speer, the "first architect of the Third Reich", produced many of the plans for the rebuilt city in his capacity as overseer of the project, only a small portion of which was realized between the years 1937-1943 when construction took place.

Some projects, such as the creation of a great East-West city axis, which included broadening Charlottenburger Chaussee (today Straße des 17. Juni) and placing the Berlin victory column in the center, far away from the Reichstag, where it originally stood, succeeded. Others, however, such as the creation of the Große Halle (Great Hall), had to be shelved owing to the beginning of war. A great number of the old buildings in many of the planned construction areas were however demolished before the war and eventually defeat stopped the plans.

Linz Cultural Capital

Adolf Hitler devised an ambitious plan: Convert to the Alpine town of Linz, where he spent much of his youth in a cultural megacities of the Third Reich.

From 17 September 2008, Schlossmuseum Linz is an exhibition dedicated to analyzing the relationship of the town of Linz with the cultural politics of the Third Reich. The exhibition, titled The Cultural Capital of the Führer, examines the monumental plans Hitler had for this city, which foresaw the construction of museums, theaters and countless other cultural institutions, which unfortunately never came to fruition.

The exhibition shows drawings of the monumental works envisaged as a theater-sized set of the Budapest; the Bridge of the Nibelungen; or the Street magnificence that would arise in the Opera and the Führermuseum, which were intended works called Linz Collection (composed of approximately 4,371 currently in the care of the German government and that are the heritage of humanity) [21].

It was Hitler himself who influenced these plans and sketches and which left its mark.

Nevertheless, the visionary project involved the most famous architects of the time and occupied the mind of Hitler even during the early stages of World War II [22].

Defender European art

Between 1943 and 1945, took out a measure devised by Adolf Hitler to ensure the perpetuity of the war and saving the art works of Europe (No matter if you lose or win). To this end, registered by color photographs (totaling 40,000, not counting the damage after the fall of the Third Reich) more than 480 buildings and other works of art.

Hitler's idea was to ensure the reconstruction of works of art that were damaged during the war. To do this in the spring of 1943, instructed the Minister of Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, to form a team of academics, photographers and historians, to conduct a thorough inventory of everything you have any artistic or historical importance. The bombs dropped on Germany and the fire destroyed 60% of the work documented photographically.

The Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte (ZI) in Munich and the Marburg Photographic Archive Images kept for 50 years and could be consulted by the public. Both institutions have recently created a website (www.zi.fotothek.org), which allows the Internet to know the status of frescoes, murals, stucco, altars and tables of churches, monasteries, castles and other buildings that disappeared with the war.

Stephan Klingen, director of the photographic archive of the Institute in Munich, said the conservation and exhibition images for viewing on the website is "very important because it allows viewing details of a material that has been destroyed. Some murals can be see for the first time in color".

The nationalsocialist wanted to document about 2,000 spaces, but the end of the war paralyzed the work of photographers who made their snapshots in full battle. The Ministry of Propaganda of the Third Reich, directed by Goebbels, wrote the list of works he had to shoot. It is estimated that this work carried out in secret multi-million-Reichsmark (a skilled worker earned about 200 Reichsmark per month). Each photographer received 35 Reichsmark per photo.

The database is offered on the web serve, especially for historians of the Third Reich can more quickly review some aspects of cultural policy [23].

References

  1. Hitler the artist - Léon Degrelle
  2. (Spanish) Hitler y el arte - Mein Führer
  3. Hitler book bestseller in Turkey - BBC News
  4. (Spanish) Hitler, un éxito en calles de Bangladesh - BBC Mundo
  5. Hitler's Mein Kampf Seen As Self-Help Guide For India's Business Students - Huffpost World
  6. Hitler memorabilia 'attracts young Indians' - BBC News
  7. (German) "Mein Kampf" ist der Renner im chinesischen Buchhandel - National Journal
  8. (Spanish) La versión manga de la vida de Hitler, cautiva a los japoneses rodeada de polémica - RTVE
  9. Shirer, 1960:79
  10. (Spanish) Mi Lucha - Librería Europa
  11. Eksteins, Modris. The Rites of Spring. 2000. New York, NY: Mariner Books. p. 113.ISBN-13: 978-0395937587'
  12. Editorial Armanen
  13. (Spanish) Hitler estudió declamación con un cantante de ópera - Clarín.com
  14. (March 1, 2003) Mein Schüler Adolf Hitler (in German). Germany: Universitas Verlag. ISBN 3800414503. 
  15. Hitler's Art and National Socialist Era Art - Hitler Historical Museum
  16. (Spanish) Los dibujos de Adolf Hitler - Erroreshistoricos.com
  17. (Spanish) El porqué del efecto óptico - SaberCurioso
  18. (Spanish) Pinocchio y los enanitos con el trazo de Hitler - Borealidad
  19. Hitlers unknown pictures - Lofoten 2 World War Memorial Museum
  20. (Spanish) Hitler dibujaba a Blancanieves y a Pinocho - La Voz de Galicia
  21. (Spanish) A la luz colección de Hitler - El Heraldo
  22. (Spanish) Muestran relación de Hitler con localidad de Linz - El Universal
  23. (Spanish) Las obras de arte que Hitler ordenó fotografiar se pueden ver en Internet - Altermedia.info

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