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Historically, Flanders (Dutch: Vlaanderen) was a region overlapping parts of northern Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. Today, Flanders often designates the Flemish Community, which includes the Brussels-Capital Region, or the Flemish Region, which does not. A parliament and government govern both, even though they are not co-extensive.

West Flanders and East Flanders are two of the five provinces of the Flemish Region, both located in its western part. French Flanders may designate the departement called Nord ("North") or the larger Nord-Pas de Calais region in which Nord is located. Zeelandic Flanders, in Dutch Zeeuws-Vlaanderen, refers to a part of the Netherlands located in Zeeland.

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.