Yellow badges, or yellow patches or Jewish badges, were badges that Jews were ordered to wear in public during certain periods in certain Christian and Muslim areas.
The most known yellow badges are those used by National Socialist Germany and some allies during World War II.
Other markers have also been used, such as turbans and Jewish hats, not identical with modern Jewish forms of male headgear.
The purposes of such identifying items are not clearly explained in many politically correct sources, giving the impression that they were always applied due to irrational racism. Wikipedia even prominently alleges that they were often a "badge of shame", this based on a personal opinion in the non-scholarly book The City Of Light by Jacob D'Ancona, which is actually an account of a journey to Medieval China.
However, at times when different groups were affected by many different regulations and laws, such as regarding dhimmi (certain non-Muslims) in Muslim controlled areas, such identifying items may have been viewed as having various practical purposes.
Regarding use by National Socialist Germany, some of the motivations may have been similar to the motivations for camps and deportations. See also Holocaust motivations: Holocaust revisionist views on motivations for the camps and deportations.
More specifically, on 18 August 1941, when Hitler was absorbed with Operation Barbarossa, Goebbels paid him a visit and showed him a copy of the book Germany Must Perish! by a Jewish American businessman, which called for the sterilization of the German people and the distribution of the German lands to other countries. Hitler was angered by it and gave Goebbels approval to immediately begin requiring all Jews to wear identifying armbands, which Goebbels on his own changed to the yellow star of David rather than the intended plain yellow and white armband.
In Israel, ethnicity, such as Jewish or Arab, was stated on Israeli ID cards until 2005, causing controversy. Also after 2005, the bearer's ethnicity can often be inferred by other data on the ID-card: the Hebrew calendar's date of birth is often used for Jews, and each community has its own typical first and last names. Israel also used different colors for the casings for ID-cards issued to residents of the by Israel occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip, also causing controversy. ID-cards issued by the Palestinian National Authority, issued based on Israeli approval, can still be distinguished from ID-cards issued by Israel directly.
- Germany must perish! https://codoh.com/library/document/952/?lang=en