Kingdom of Portugal

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The Kingdom of Portugal was Portugal's general designation under the monarchy. The kingdom was located in the west of the Iberian Peninsula, Europe and existed from 1139 to 1910. It was replaced by the Portuguese First Republic after the Lisbon Regicide (1908) and ultimately, the 5 October 1910 revolution.

Origins and end

Main article: History of Portugal

The Second County of Portugal (1093–1139), successor to the First County of Portugal (868–1071), became a kingdom on 26 July 1139 when Afonso I was proclaimed king of Portugal.

In 1908, King Carlos I of Portugal was killed in a regicide at Lisbon. The Portuguese monarchy lasted until 5 October 1910, when through a revolution, it was overthrown and Portugal was proclaimed a republic. The overthrow of the Portuguese monarchy in 1910 led to a 16 year struggle to sustain parliamentary democracy under republicanism.

The Portuguese Empire

Main article: Portuguese Empire

Through the times, the Kingdom of Portugal built what was known as the Portuguese Empire since 1415, traditionally referring to its vast colonies, the largest of which was Brazil (established in 1500 and an independent country since 1822). The remaining empire passed under control of the Portuguese Republic until the late 20th century, when the last overseas territories of Portugal were handed over (most notably Portuguese Africa, which included the overseas provinces of Angola and Mozambique, in 1975, and finally Macau in 1999).

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