1930 1931 1932 - 1933 - 1934 1935 1936
1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s
Events of 1933
- January 5 - Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay.
- January 11 - Sir Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first commercial flight between Australia and New Zealand.
- January 15 - Political violence causes almost 100 deaths in Spain.
- January 17 - US Congress votes favorably for Philippines independence, against the view of President Herbert Hoover.
- January 28 - The word Pakistan comes into being and is recognized by the Pakistan Movement to press for freedom.
- January 30
- February 1 - Adolf Hitler gives his "Proclamation to the German People" in Berlin.
- February 4 - Mutiny starts on the Dutch pantserschip De Zeven Provinciën.
- February 6 - The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution goes into effect.
- February 6-February 7 - Officers on the USS Ramapo record a 34-meter high sea-wave in the Pacific Ocean.
- February 9 - The Oxford Union approves a resolution stating, "That this House will in no circumstances fight for its King and country."
- February 10 - The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
- February 15 - In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead fatally wounds Chicago Mayor Anton J. Cermak.
- February 17
- February 27 - Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag, is set on fire.
- February 28 - Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in response to Reichstag fire.
- March 3
- March 4
- American President Herbert Hoover is succeeded by Franklin D. Roosevelt, who in reference to the Great Depression, gives his "The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself" inauguration speech. FDR is sworn in by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes. It would also be the last time Inauguration Day in the United States would occur on March 4.
- Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, and the first female member of the United States Cabinet.
- March 5
- March 9 - Great Depression: The U.S. Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation.
- March 10 - Earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 117 people.
- March 12 - Great Depression: Franklin Delano Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This was also the first of his "Fireside Chats".
- March 15 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises from $53.84 to $62.10. The day's gain of 15.34%, achieved during the depths of the Great Depression, remains to date as the largest one-day percentage gain for the index.
- March 23 - The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act in Germany.
- March 24 - Judea Declares War on Germany
- March 27 - Japan leaves the League of Nations.
- March 31 - The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission to relieve rampant unemployment.
- April 1 - Julius Streicher organizes a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany.
- April 3 - Anti-monarchist rebellion in Siam (Thailand).
- April 4 - US airship Akron crashes off the coast of New Jersey- leaves 73 dead.
- April 5 - International court in the Hague decides that Greenland belongs to Denmark and condemns Norwegian landings on eastern Greenland. Norway submits to the decision.
- April 7
- Beer is legalized in the U.S., eight months before the full repeal of Prohibition on December 5, 1933.
- Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service passed in Germany
- April 11 - Aviator William Lancaster takes off in England in an attempt to make a speed record to Cape. He vanishes (body is found 1962 in the Sahara Desert).
- April 19 - The United States officially goes off the gold standard.
- April 21 - Germany outlaws kosher ritual slaughter, (shechita).
- April 26 - Gestapo established.
- April 27 - Stahlhelm organizations joins the NSDAP in Germany.
- May - Detection by Karl Jansky of radio waves from the centre of the Milky Way galaxy reported
- May 2 - Adolf Hitler bans trade unions.
- May 8 - Mohandas Gandhi begins a 3-week hunger strike because of the mistreatment of the lower castes
- May 10 - Paraguay declares war on Bolivia
- May 17 - Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling - the national-socialist party of Norway.
- May 18 - New Deal: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
- May 26 - NSDAP in Germany introduces law to legalize eugenic sterilization
- May 27
- June 5 - The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States' use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution (48 Stat. 112) nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
- June 6 - The first drive-in theater opens in Camden, New Jersey.
- June 6 - AnnaMae Marie Flynn born in Philadelphia, PA
- June 12 - London Economic Conference
- June 17 - In Kansas City, Missouri, Pretty Boy Floyd kills four unarmed FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash in a failed attempt to free Nash. This becomes known as the Union Station Massacre.
- June 21 - All non-National Socialist parties forbidden in Germany
- June 25 - Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen delegate convention in Berlin
- June 26 - American Totalisator Company unveils its first electronic pari-mutuel betting machine at Arlington Park racetrack near Chicago.
- July 4 - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi sentenced to prison.
- July 14 - Forming new political parties forbidden in Germany.
- July 20 - Vatican state secretary Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) signed an accord with Hitler.
- July 22
- July 24 - Several members of the Barrow Gang are injured or captured during a running battle with local police near Dexter, Iowa.
August - September
- August 14 - Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (971 km²).
- August 30 - Assassination of Theodore Lessing in Marienbad (Mariánské Lázně), Czechoslovakia
- August 30 - Air France begins operations with 250 planes.
- September 3 - Alejandro Lerroux forms a new government in Spain.
- September 26 - Tornado destroys the town of Tampico in Mexico.
- October 10 - A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed near Chesterton, Indiana by a bomb. This was the first proven case of air sabotage in commercial airline history.
- October 12 - The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz is acquired by the United States Department of Justice, which plans to incorporate the island into its Federal Bureau of Prisons as a federal penitentiary.
- October 16 - Germany announces intention to leave the League of Nations - officially
- October 17 - Albert Einstein arrives in the United States as a refugee from Germany.
- November 5 - Spanish Basques voted for autonomy.
- November 8 - Great Depression: New Deal - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
- November 11 - Dust Bowl: In South Dakota, a very strong dust storm strips topsoil from desiccated farmlands (this is just one of a series of disastrous dust storms that year).
- November 16
- November 19 - General Elections in the Spanish Second Republic, victory by the parties of the right-wing.
- December 5 - The 21st Amendment, repealing Prohibition in the United States, went into effect.
- December 21 - British Plastics Federation founded - oldest plastics federation in the world
- December 24 - Train crash in Lagny, France - over 200 dead
- December 26
- December 29 - Members of the Iron Guard assassinate Ion Gheorghe Duca, prime minister of Romania
- May 11 - Louis Farrakhan, American Black Muslim leader
- August 2 - Goren Assar Oredsson, Swedish National Socialist leader (d. 2010)
- September 11 - William Luther Pierce, American author, White nationalist and founder of the National Alliance (d. 2002)
- January 5 - John Calvin Coolidge, Jr., 30th President of the United States (d. 1933)
- September 8 - Theodor Fritsch, German anti-Semitic publisher and author (b. 1852)