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Satellite image of Europe showing geographic barriers such as the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.

The European race formed from proto-European peoples migrating into the western landmass of Eurasia; they later were isolated from other races by natural barriers such as the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, and the Ural Mountains. This isolation created a distinct genetic group inside Europe.

The Europeans (Whites) are a major race. They are the indigenous peoples of Europe and also have descendants living around the world, including in the Americas, Oceania, Siberia and South Africa. The European peoples are known for the creating the civilisations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome as well as for creating most of the known scientific and technological advances.

Most speak Indo-European languages. Since the 4th century many Europeans have followed Christianity, but there are also pagan religions and traditions in their culture.


Specific races
Ancient Egyptians
East Asians
Han Chinese
Sub-Saharan Africans

Terms such as Caucasoids or Caucasians are sometimes used as synonyms for Europeans.

Ancestral populations

Genetic studies have found evidence for three ancestral populations of present day Europeans: ancient European hunter-gatherers, early European farmer (who migrated from the origin of agriculture in the Near East around 10,000 years ago), and ancient north Eurasians (who started migrating around 5,000 years ago).[1][2]

However, the presence, degree of spread, and persistence of the early farmer from the Near East have been questioned.[3][4][5]

The ancient north Eurasians may be the group who according to the Kurgan hypothesis lived in the Russian steppe, spoke the first Indo-European language, and who caused the spread of many new technologies and new cultural/religious institutions over Europe.

A minority view is that it was the early European farmer who spread the Indo-European languages.[6]

Aryan is a term that early Indo-European speakers used to designate themselves.

That Europeans thousands of years ago had ancestors from somewhat different groups (but still related West Eurasian groups) has sometimes been argued to be an argument against Europeans being a race. Regarding this, see Race: Mixed race groups.


"Coon, Garn, and Birdsell (1950), Cole (1965), and a number of other anthropologists have sub-divided the Europeans into seven sub-races consisting of the

  • Mediterranean peoples of Spain, Italy, and southeast Europe;
  • the Alpine peoples of France and central and southern Germany;
  • the Nordic peoples of England, the east of Ireland, and Scotland, the Netherlands, Belgium and Northern Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Western Finland;
  • the Celtic peoples of Wales, the west of Ireland, and the western highlands of Scotland;
  • the Dinaric peoples of east-central Europe;
  • the Slavic peoples of northern Poland, the Baltic states, and Russia west of the Urals; and the
  • Basques of northern Spain and southwest France."[7]

White demographics

White demographics are adversely and rapidly affected by mass immigration of non-Whites, low birth rates, and race mixing. Terms for these changes include the Great Replacement.



  • "The greatest and most beautiful things of this Earth have been made by White people. We should love ourselves. We should love the Life Force that moves in us, and has made us what we are — a unique life stream like no other, and with a destiny that is ours alone. [...] Love Your Race. Everything depends on it. And nothing else matters."Kevin Alfred Strom, in: Love Your Race, 2015

See also

Europeans are discussed in many different articles on many different topics in Metapedia. Some examples are in many of the articles listed in:

External links

Genetic maps


  1. Lazaridis I, Patterson N, Mittnik A, Renaud G, Mallick S, Kirsanow K et al. (2014) Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans. Nature 513 (7518):409-13.
  2. Fernández E, Pérez-Pérez A, Gamba C, Prats E, Cuesta P, et al. (2014) Ancient DNA Analysis of 8000 B.C. Near Eastern Farmers Supports an Early Neolithic Pioneer Maritime Colonization of Mainland Europe through Cyprus and the Aegean Islands. PLoS Genet 10(6): e1004401. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1004401.
  3. The past is another country
  4. Replacement or continuity?
  5. Were native Europeans replaced?
  6. Bouckaert R, Lemey P, Dunn M, Greenhill SJ, Alekseyenko AV, Drummond AJ et al., (2012) Mapping the origins and expansion of the Indo-European language family in Science 337 (6097):957-60.
  7. Lynn, Richard. (2006). Race Differences in Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis. Augusta, GA: Washington Summit Publishers.
  8. Nelis M, Esko T, Mägi R, Zimprich F, Zimprich A, Toncheva D, et al. (2009) Genetic Structure of Europeans: A View from the North–East. PLoS ONE 4(5): e5472. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005472
  9. Seldin MF, Shigeta R, Villoslada P, Selmi C, Tuomilehto J, et al. (2006) European Population Substructure: Clustering of Northern and Southern Populations. PLoS Genet 2(9): e143. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.0020143
  10. Pickrell JK, Pritchard JK (2012) Inference of Population Splits and Mixtures from Genome-Wide Allele Frequency Data. PLoS Genet 8(11): e1002967. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1002967