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Map of Oceania

Oceania (sometimes Oceanica[1]) is a geographical, often geopolitical, region consisting of numerous lands—mostly islands in the Pacific Ocean and vicinity. The term is often used in many languages to define one of the continents[2][3][4] and is one of eight terrestrial ecozones.

Ethnologically, the islands that are included in Oceania are divided into the subregions of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.[5]

The exact scope of Oceania is variably defined: it generally includes New Zealand, is often taken to include parts of Australasia such as Australia and New Guinea, and sometimes all or part of the Malay Archipelago.[6][7][8]

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.


  1. "Oceanica" in WordWeb Online dictionary and thesaurus. http://www.wordwebonline.com/en/OCEANICA
  2. The Atlas of Canada - The World - Continents
  3. List of IOC members (122) by continent. International Olympic Committee: 112th session, Moscow 2001
  4. Encarta Mexico "Oceanía"
  5. "Oceania". 2005. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Columbia University Press.
  6. Merriam Webster's Online Dictionary (based on Collegiate vol., 11th ed.) 2006. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
  7. See, e.g., The Atlas of Canada - The World - Continents
  8. United Nations Statistics Division - Countries of Oceania