Egloff Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen

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Generalmajor a. D. Egloff Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen
Egloff Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen.jpg
Egloff Freiherr von Freyberg's last appearance was in the German documentary film "Augenzeugen berichten über Verdun (1916)". Shortly before his death at the age of 100, he established a foundation whose proceeds are intended to support older citizens. In December 2009, 190 citizens of Allmendingen over the age of 80 received a Christmas payment from this foundation (Freiherr von Freybergsche Stiftung).[1]
Nickname Kessel-Vogt
Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)
Birth date 3 October 1883
Place of birth Allmendingen, Oberamt Ehingen, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire
Death date 11 February 1984 (aged 100)
Place of death Allmendingen, Alb-Donau-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany
Resting place Friedhof Allmendingen
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 National Socialist Germany
Service/branch War and service flag of Prussia (1895–1918).png Prussian Army
Iron Cross of the Luftstreitkräfte.png Imperial German Army
Freikorps Flag.jpg Freikorps
War Ensign of Germany (1921–1933).png Reichswehr
Luftwaffe eagle.jpg Luftwaffe
Rank Generalmajor
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Prussian Order of the Crown
Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Iron Cross
Bavarian Military Merit Cross
Friedrich Order
House Order of Hohenzollern
Relations ∞ 1945 Mechtilde Freifrau von und zu Mentzingen

Egloff Max Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen (3 October 1883 – 11 February 1984) was a German officer of the Prussian Army, the Imperial German Army, the Freikorps, the Reichswehr and the Wehrmacht. The flight pioneers who, before the outbreak of the First World War on 1 August 1914, had passed the pilot's test in accordance with the regulations of the German Aviation Association (Deutscher Luftfahrer-Verband) in Germany founded in 1902, were honorably called "Alte Adler" ("old eagles"). Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen belonged to this elite.

Since 1919, Freiherr von Freyberg was a member of the "Aero-Club von Deutschland", but also of the Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft für Luftfahrt e. V.[2] (Scientific Society for Aviation). He was in addition a renowned skull collector as well as a poet and author.

Life (chronology)

EK I for Captain Egloff Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen in 1915
Rank list 1927
Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen c. 1930
  • 16 September 1904 Entered the 3. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß of the Guard Corps (German: Garde-Korps)
  • 1 May 1912 Commanded to the Flieger-Bataillon Nr. 1 in Döberitz for pilot training
  • 24 January 1913 Received his flight license (pilot's certificate) FAI-No. 355 with a biplane (Bristol) at the Halberstadt airfield (Flugplatz)[3]
  • 24 May 1914 On the flight guest list at Fliegerstation Cöln Butzweilerhof[4]
  • 20 June to 25 June 1914 Participated in the Ostmarkenflug (German flight competition)
    • The Ostmarkenflug was the successor to the East Prussian flight competition with the goals BreslauPosenKönigsbergDanzig. 28[5] (another source states 29[6]) pilots with 36 planes, among them 16 military planes, took part. Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen flew a 100 PS Mercedes-L. V. G.-Doppeldecker, as did many others. Georg Hans (Alter Adler on 31 March 1913) and Laitsch (Alter Adler on 5 August 1910) won the first two prizes, Oberleutnant Freiherr von Freyberg the third, but he did receive the more importent Kaiserpreis, the special award of Kaiser Wilhelm II.
  • 1914 to 1918 World War One
    • Freiherr von Freyberg served in the Feldflieger-Abteilung 11 (FFA 11), the Brieftauben-Abteilung Ostende (BAO; "Carrier-Pigeon" was the covername for the first German bombing unit[7]), the Feldflieger-Abteilung 5 (FFA 5) as commander, the Fliegerabteilung 239 (Artillerie; FA A 239) as commander, the Fliegerersatz-Abteilung 11 (FEA 11) in Brieg (south-east of Breslau) and as Grufl 5 (Flying Group Leader 5 at Army High Command 7).
  • 31 January 1919 Freikorps Lütwitz under General der Infanterie Freiherr von Lüttwitz
  • 19 March 1919 Döberitz Air Base commandant
  • Rhön gliding competition (Rhön-Segelflugwettbewerb) from 1920 to 1939
    • it is stated, that Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen participated in one or more of these internationally renowned gliding competitions.
  • 1 May 1920 Staff of Motor Vehicle Company 3
  • 1 October 1920 Staff of the 3rd Infantry Regiment
  • 1 January 1921 Staff of the 1st Battalion of the 9th Infantry Regiment
  • 1 October 1921 Staff of the Training Battalion (in Wünsdorf) of the 9th Infantry Regiment
  • 1 February 1923 Return to the Staff of the 1st Battalion of the 9th Infantry Regiment
  • 15 May 1923 Commander of the 11th Company (in Spandau) of the 3rd Battalion/9th Infantry Regiment
  • 1 May 1924 Commander of the 6th Eskadron (in Potsdam)/4. (Preußisches) Reiter-Regiment
    • many sources state, that he was at the same time Flieger-Referent (aviation consultant) with the staff of the 3. Division (Berlin)
  • 1925 Participated in the Deutscher Rundflug (German flight competition)[8]
    • he flew a Heinkel HD 21 (D-676) for the Sportflug GmbH (disguised pilot training for the Reichswehr)
  • 1927 In the Staff of the 5. (Preußisches) Reiter-Regiment in Stolp
  • 31 March 1930 Retired
  • 1 April 1930 Supervised the secret training of young pilots for the Reichswehrministerium (RWM)
  • 18 July to 7 August 1930 Participated in the Challenge International d’Avions de Tourisme (international flight competition) with a BFW M 23 c (D-1884; monoplane with Argus As 8 motor) of the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke
  • 3 May 1931 Guest of Honour for the opening of the first, fully functional Munich Airport in Oberwiesenfeld; Along with Major Hailer, Dr. Brandenburg, Hauptmann Vierling and Rittmeister Braun he received a Bavarian award.[10]
  • 1 Oktober 1932 Return to the Reichswehr as an active officer and promotion to Lieutenant Colonel
    • transferred to the staff of the 4th Artillery Regiment and assigned to the Berlin Command (Kommandantur)
  • 31 January 1933 Retired again
  • 1 April 1934 Entered the Luftwaffe as Jüterbog Air Base Commander
  • 1 April 1936 Tasked with safeguarding the affairs of the commander of Luftgau Command 13
  • 1 October 1936 to 30 September 1937 Air force attaché at the German embassy in Paris
  • 1 October 1936 Offizier z. b. V. (special purpose officer) at the disposal of Herman Göring
  • 1 December 1937 Assigned to the Air Circle Command II (Luftkreis-Kommando II)
  • 6 December 1937 Tutow Aviation School
  • 17 January 1938 Anklam Navigation School
  • 3 February 1938 Perleberg Pilot School
  • 17 February 1938 Schoenewald Observer School
  • 3 March 1938 Werneuchen Fighter Pilot School
  • 17 March 1938 Aviation Replacement Unit 17 (Fliegerersatz-Abteilung 17)
  • 20 June 1938 Deputy commander of the pilot schools and the Aviation Replacement Unit 2
  • 1 August 1938 Commandant of the Wildforth Air Force Training Area
  • 1. April 1939 Commandant of the Dramburg Air Force Training Area
  • 26 August 1939 District Airfield Commandant at Kolberg
  • 31 October 1943 Retired[11]


Egloff was son of the lord of the manor Ernst Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen (1844–1909) and his wife Leopoldine, née Freiin von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Haldenwang (1851–1941).

He had ten siblings.[12] His oldest brother Johann Christoph Rudolf Albrecht (1874–1930) took over the manor after the death of the father, another brother, Albrecht Ernst, would become vice admiral of the Reichsmarine. His younger brother Kaspar (b. 1885) was on 16 February 1915 as a captain and company commander of the Garde-Schützen-Bataillon at the Western Front.[13] His youngest brother Ulrich (b. 1892) was on 17 January 1916 as a 2nd Lieutenant of the Garde-Schützen-Bataillon.[14]

One of his many nephews, a son of Albrecht Ernst, was the fallen U-boat commandant Walter (1915–1943). Albrecht Ernst's oldest son, Burkhard/Burkhardt (Dr. med.), was also on 7 November 1944 as a medical officer (Sanitätsoffizier).


In 1945,[15] presumably before the war ended, Generalmajor Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen married Mechtilde Ida Huberta Maria, widowed Freifrau von und zu Mentzingen, née Schenk Freiin von Stauffenberg (1904–1991).[16] Mechtilde had married on 28 Mai 1925 Rudolf Peter Maria Joseph Freiherr von und zu Mentzingen (b. 15 March 1902 in Tanger), Vice Consul at the German General Consulate in Istanbul, who was on 10 August 1941 as 1st Lieutenant at the Eastern Front. Rudolf and Mechtilde had five children.[17] Egloff and Mechtilde divorced in 1955 but maintained a close friendship.


  • 16.9.1904 Fahnenjunker (Officer Candidate)
  • 22.4.1905 Fähnrich (Officer Cadet)
  • 27.1.1906 Leutnant (2nd Lieutenant)
  • 19.7.1913 Oberleutnant (1st Lieutenant)
  • 27.1.1915 Hauptmann (Captain); rank changed to Rittmeister during his time with the cavalry
  • 1.5.1927 Major
  • 1.10.1932 Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel)
  • 31.1.1933 Charakter als Oberst (honorary Colonel)
  • 1.10.1935 Oberst (Colonel)
  • 1.6.1938 Charakter als Generalmajor (honorary Major General)
  • 1.4.1939 Generalmajor (active)

Awards and decorations (excerpt)


Wrtings (selection)

  • Der Flugschüler. Gesammelte Winke der FEA 11,[20] Breslau 1917
  • Friedolin und das Steinbeil – Eine schwäbisch-heitere Mär unserer Tage, Erbach 1983
    • At the age of 84, Egloff Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen began his Friedolin volumes with something cheerful and thoughtful; there were 16 in total (1967 to 1984).