Communist Party of the Soviet Union

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Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Коммунистическая партия Советского Союза (Kommunisticheskaya partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza)
Founder Vladimir Lenin
Founded January 1, 1912
Dissolved August 29, 1991
Preceded by Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
Succeeded by Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1992-)
Newspaper Pravda
Youth wing Komsomol
Ideology Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Stalinism (1922-1953)
Political position bolshevistic
International affiliation Comintern (until 1943) Cominform (until 1956)
Official colours Red

The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за, transliterated Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza, acronym: КПСС (KPSS)) was the ruling political party in the Soviet Union and one of the largest communist organizations in the world. It emerged from the Bolshevik fraction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin. The party led the 1917 October Revolution that overthrew Russian Provisional Government and established the world's first bolshevist state. Given a central role under the Constitution of the Soviet Union, the party controlled all tiers of government in the Soviet Union and did not tolerate any opposition. Its organization was subdivided into communist parties of the constituent Soviet republics as well as the mass youth organization, Komsomol. The party was also the driving force of Comintern, maintained organizational links and supported communist movements in Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa. The party ceased to exist with the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt failure in 1991 and was succeeded by the Communist Party of the Russian Federation in Russia and the communist parties of the now-independent former Soviet republics.

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