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The Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомо́р, "extermination by hunger") was an at least partially man-made famine in Ukraine in 1932-33 that killed an estimated 2.5–7.5 million Ukrainians, with millions more counted in demographic estimates. It was part of a wider famine, the Soviet famine of 1932–33.

Scholars disagree on the relative importance of natural factors (such as the weather) and unintentionally catastrophic communist agricultural policies as causes of the famine, but many argue that the Holodomor was deliberately planned by Joseph Stalin, in an attempt to eliminate Ukrainian nationalism, in which case it would be a genocide. Actions such as rejection of outside aid, confiscation of all household foodstuffs, and restriction of population movement are argued to support this.

Ukrainian Jewish Committee

The "Ukrainian Jewish Committee" objected in 2009 to a criminal case against a list of former Soviet officials accused of committing the Holodomor. Most of the names on the list were Jewish.[1]

The Holocaust and the Holodomor

Supporters of the "unique" status of the Holocaust have objected to Holodomor comparisons, claiming that this would "cheapen the memory of Germany's victims".[2] See also the article on Holocaust uniqueness.

Use in recent propaganda

The Holodomor has recently been used in the propaganda war between Russia and Ukraine, with both sides accusing the other side of inaccuracies.[2]

See also

External links


  1. Jewish group objects to ‘Great Famine’ case http://www.jta.org/2009/06/15/news-opinion/world/jewish-group-objects-to-great-famine-case
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ukraine: In the Midst of War, Debate Swirls Around Soviet-Era Famine http://www.huffingtonpost.com/nikolas-kozloff/ukraine-in-the-midst-of-w_b_7984618.html
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