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The word genocide, from the Greek genos (race) and the Latin -cide (killing), was coined by the Jewish lawyer Raphael Lemkin in 1944.

The etymology indicates that the term refers specifically to the killing of a race/ethnicity. However, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) instead describes it as "intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group". Thus, despite including some non-racial groups, the convention does not include mass killings of groups perceived as political enemies, thereby excluding many mass killings under Communist regimes. The convention also describes as genocide some non-killings, such as forcibly preventing a group from having children or transferring the children away from the group. Genocide according to the convention also includes causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of a group without killing them.

Another term is democide, which refers to mass killings of civilians from all causes by a government and excludes the non-killings described in the convention.

Genocides and other forms of mass killings have existed throughout human history, including many after WWII. However, today it is overwhelmingly the argued genocide during The Holocaust that is mentioned and described in the mass media. See also the article on Holocaust uniqueness.

See the "External links" for lists and descriptions of various genocides and mass killings, many likely being completely unknown to general public.

Regarding "demographic genocide" and "White genocide conspiracy theory", see White demographics: Demographic genocide

External links

Genocides and mass killings

History of the concept

See also

Genocides list (incomplete)

Sometimes described as genocide

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.