Eleanor Roosevelt

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Eleanor Roosevelt

White House portrait

In office
President John F. Kennedy
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Esther Peterson

In office
December 31, 1946 – December 31, 1952
President Harry S. Truman

In office
Preceded by New creation
Succeeded by Charles Malik

United States Representative to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights
In office
Preceded by New creation
Succeeded by Mary Lord

In office
March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by Lou Henry Hoover
Succeeded by Elizabeth "Bess" Wallace Truman

In office
January 1, 1929 – December 31, 1932
Preceded by Catherine A. Dunn
Succeeded by Edith Louise Altschul

Born October 11, 1884(1884-10-11)
New York, New York
United States
Died November 7, 1962 (aged 78)
New York, New York
United States
Resting place Hyde Park, New York
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Children Anna Eleanor, James, Elliott, Franklin, John
Occupation First Lady, diplomat, activist
Religion Episcopal

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884November 7, 1962) was First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. She supported the New Deal policies of her husband, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and assumed a role as an advocate for civil rights. After her husband's death in 1945, Roosevelt continued to be an internationally prominent author and speaker for the New Deal coalition. She worked to enhance the status of working women, although she opposed the Equal Rights Amendment because she believed it would adversely affect women.

In the 1940s, Roosevelt was one of the co-founders of Freedom House and supported the formation of the United Nations. Roosevelt founded the UN Association of the United States in 1943 to advance support for the formation of the UN. She was a delegate to the UN General Assembly from 1945 and 1952, a job for which she was appointed by President Harry S. Truman and confirmed by the United States Senate. During her time at the United Nations she chaired the committee that drafted and approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. President Truman called her the "First Lady of the World" in tribute to her human rights achievements.[1]


Family background

Early life

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born at 56 West 37th Street in New York City, the daughter of Elliott Roosevelt and Anna Hall Roosevelt. She was named Anna after her mother and her aunt Anna Cowles; Eleanor after her father, and was nicknamed "Ellie" or "Little Nell".[2] From the beginning, Eleanor preferred to be called by her middle name. She was the niece of President Theodore Roosevelt.


  1. First Lady of the World: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill. National Park Service. Retrieved on 2008-05-20.
  2. Eleanor Roosevelt Biography. National First Ladies' Library. Firstladies.org. Retrieved on 2010-03-13.

External links

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.
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