Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (1891 – 1967) was the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The Jewish Morgenthau was involved in the Vrba-Wetzler report on the Holocaust and the harsh Morgenthau Plan for post-war Germany. See the articles on these topics.
An influential associate was the Jewish Treasury official Harry Dexter White, a major Communist infiltrator, accused of having caused large-scale harm on a wide range of issues.
After the war, Morgenthau devoted the remainder of his life to working with Jewish philanthropies and also became a financial advisor to Israel.