Arthur Karl Greiser (b. 22 January, 1897 in Schroda, Posen province - d. 14 July 1946 in Posen) was a German officer in the Imperial German Navy and the Freikorps, as well as a National Socialist politician, Landesjägermeister of Danzig, officer of the SS (SS-Obergruppenführer) and of the Kriegsmarine (Kapitänleutnant der Reserve), as well as Gauleiter and Reichsstatthalter (State Governor) of the Reichsgau Wartheland (de) in World War II, an area which included part of West Prussia and part of the province of Posen.
Grieser was born in Schroda, Posen province, Prussia, and grew up fluent in both German and Polish. He attended the Königlich-Humanistisches Gymnasium (Royal Humanistic Secondary School) in Hohensalza, Bromberg district, which he left aged 17 when he volunteered for the Kaiserliche Marine on 4 August 1914, at the beginning of the First World War. From August to October 1917, in the meantime Leutnant der Reserve der Matrosen-Artillerie (since August 1917 with patent from 1916), was, at first only Beobachter or flying observer, he served with the I. Marine-Küstenschutz-Staffel (I. Marine-Schusta), in November 1917 he became it's commander.
In October 1917 he was assigned to a naval station in Ostend, Belgium. From January and August 1918, he became a combat flyer at the Kampfeinsitzer-Schule Danzig-Langfuhr. In October 1918, the navy flyer (Marineflieger) was shot down and gravely wounded. Released in December 1918, his recovery dragged on until the spring of 1919, with the pilot suffering from 50 percent of the war damage.
In 1924 he was able to afford a holiday in Italy with his wife. Shortly afterwards he opened a branch of his sales agency (oils and fats) in Hamburg. Greiser was an active member of the Sopot Tennis Club, also served on the board (in 1934 he was therefore made an honorary member). The merchant Greiser, a member of the Stahlhelmbund until 1926, was also a member of a Freemasonry. In 1929, as a result of the Depression, he lost his company and worked for a short time at Adolf Mazur’s “Oil and Fat Factory AG” („Öl- und Fettfabrik AG“ ). He was also captain of a motor boat for passenger trips in the Danzig Bay in the summers from 1928 until 1930, in winter he towed ships.
A member of the NSDAP since 1 November 1929 (NSDAP No. 166,635), he joined the SA shortly afterwards (1 December 1929). In 1930 he became a member of the Danzig People's Day. On 30 June 1931, he switched to the SS (SS number 10,795). He was the Deputy President of the Free City of Danzig Senate from 1933 to 1934 and served as Senate President, 1935–1939.
He was leader of the aviator national group in Danzig (Flieger-Führer der Fliegerlandesgruppe Danzig). On 6 April 1940, he was awarded of the rank of NSFK-Gruppenführer. He also remained loyal to the German navy. As Leutnant zur See der Reserve, he took part in reserve exercises of the Kriegsmarine in 1937 and 1939, becomimg Oberleutnant zur See d. R. and finally Kapitänleutnant d. R.
In 1941, Greiser became initiator of the renowned Clausewitz-Preis.
Greiser is alleged to have written, or otherwise have been associated with, certain documents which are sometimes cited as evidence for the politically-correct view on the Holocaust and other alleged atrocities. One example, involving correspondence with Himmler and others, is the alleged proposed killing of incurably sick Poles with tuberculosis. Revisionists argue that this involves a misinterpretation of the word "Sonderbehandlung" ("special treatment") and that in the post-war period a chief medical officer stated that
- "A central office for the fight against tuberculosis was established under the management of a specialist. This office gave the same treatment to German and to Polish cases. During my period in office as chief medical officer in Posen, until January 1945, no tuberculosis patients were 'liquidated' in the Wartheland as far as I know. I never received an order for such a measure, much less brought one about either directly or indirectly. On the contrary, the office always tried to give all tuberculosis patients proper treatment."
A related "Sonderbehandlung" claim is that Greiser, on 1 May 1942, supposedly asked Himmler for permission to "kill" 100,000 Jews. Revisionists argue that an examination of all available archival material this word is not used and in fact this refers to deportation; and that if the politically-correct view on the Holocaust is correct, then there would have been no need to ask for permission, since supposedly there was a general extermination order to kill all Jews. Moreover, in 1942 there were not 100,000 Jews under Greiser's judisdiction.
Arthur was the son of the bailiff (Gerichtsvollzieher) August Gustav Friedrich Greiser (later director of the Genossenschaftsverbände in Hohensalza) and his wife Ida, née Siegmund.
On 25 June 1919, Greiser married his fiancée Ruth Tripler (b. 1899), a pastor's daughter, whom he had met in August 1917 while on leave from the front with relatives in Sopot. The marriage produced a two sons and two daughters. The divorce took place before the regional court (Landesgericht) in Danzig on 15 October 1934. The children were:
- Ingrid (b. 23 March 1920)
- Erhardt (b. 8 January 1925)
- Sohn (b./d. 1929), he died after only a few hours
- Rotraut (b. 11 October 1930)
On 9 April 1935, SS Brigadefuhrer Greiser married the concert pianist Maria Theodora "Tulli" Koerfer (b. 30 March 1908 in Cologne). She was the daughter of Johann Kaspar Körfer from Mönchen-Gladbach and his wife Emilie. Tulli was a member of the NSDAP. A son was born on 20 December 1939 from the marriage.
- SS-Sturmführer: 29 September 1931
- SS-Sturmhauptführer: 4 September 1932
- SS-Standartenführer: 20 June 1933
- SS-Oberführer: 12 March 1934
- SS-Brigadeführer: 1 January 1935
- SS-Gruppenführer: 24 October 1939
- SS-Obergruppenführer: 30 January 1942
Awards and decorations
- Iron Cross (1914), 2nd and 1st Class
- Badge for observers on naval aircraft Abzeichen für Beobachter auf Marineflugzeugen
- Navy Seaplane Pilot's Badge Abzeichen für Marine Flugzeugführer auf Seeflugzeugen
- Naval Wound Badge 1918 Marineverwundetenabzeichen in Black
- Commemorative Badge for Navy Pilots and Observers Erinnerungsabzeichen für Marine-Flugzeugführer und -Beobachter
- SA/SS joint aviator badge (SA/SS gemeinsames Fliegerabzeichen), 1932 as member of the SS-Fliegersturm
- SS-Totenkopfring on 24 December 1933
- Ehrenzeichen Danzig-Westpreußen (Traditions- und Gau-Abzeichen), 1933
- Ehrenzeichen Wartheland (Traditions- und Gau-Abzeichen)
- Aviator Dagger of Honor (Flieger-Ehrendolch), 1934
- Honour Chevron for the Old Guard (Ehrenwinkel der Alten Kämpfer), February 1934
- SS Honor Dagger (SS-Ehrendolch)
- Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer on 8 December 1934
- DRL Sportabzeichen in Gold
- SS-Julleuchter (de) on 16 December 1935
- Star of the German Red Cross Decoration (Stern des Ehrenzeichens des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes) on 20 April 1936
- German Olympia Honour Badge, 1st Class
- SS-Ehrendegen on 1 December 1936
- SS Civilian Badge (SS-Zivilabzeichen)
- Grand Hunting Medal in Gold in February 1937 (presented by Polish President Mosciecki)
- Goldenes Parteiabzeichen der NSDAP am 30. Januar 1938
- Anschluss Medal (Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13. März 1938)
- Sudetenland Medal (Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938)
- Danzig Cross, 1st Class (Danziger Kreuz, I. Klasse) on 24 October 1939
- War Merit Cross (1939), 2nd and 1st Class without, later with Swords
- 1st Class without Swords am 4 September 1940
- 1st Class with Swords on 30 January 1941
- Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Grand Officer on 9 August 1940
- Goldenes HJ-Ehrenzeichen with Oak Leaves
- Gauhonorzeichen of the Reichsgau Wartheland for services in the people's struggle (Gauehrenzeichen des Reichsgaues Wartheland für Verdienste im Volkstumskampf), 1943
- SS Long Service Award (SS-Dienstauszeichnung), 2nd Grade (for 12 years), 1943
- Dienstauszeichnung der NSDAP in Bronze und Silber (15 years), 1944
- Christopher Browning: The State of the Evidence For the 'Final Solution' - includes brief discussions of some statements associated with Greiser
In downloadable books
- Chelmno—A German Camp in History and Propaganda - Greiser is discussed at several different places in the downloadable book. They can be found with the search tool in a PDF reader.
- The "Extermination Camps" of "Aktion Reinhardt" - Greiser is discussed at many different places in the downloadable book. They can be found with the search tool in a PDF reader. One example is Chapter 5, notes 65-66, on the alleged proposed killing of incurably sick Poles with tuberculosis.
- During the Partitions of Poland, in 1793 West Prussia had been returned to the Kingdom of Prussia, and Posen province which had from ancient times been part of Poland, also fell to Prussia at the same time. In 1919 the these provinces were again taken from Prussia in the plutocratic Allies' imposed Treaty of Versailles and awarded to the new state of Poland, following The Great War (in which Poland as a sovereign country played no part). At the outbreak of the German-Polish war twenty years later, Poland was completely defeated and the area reverted to Germany. In 1945 the territory became part of the Soviet occupation zone.
- Arthur GREISER, Axis History Forum
- The “Extermination Camps” of “Aktion Reinhardt”—An Analysis and Refutation of Factitious “Evidence,” Deceptions and Flawed Argumentation of the "Holocaust Controversies", Chapter 5, Notes 65-66 http://holocausthandbooks.com/index.php?main_page=1&page_id=28
- The trial and evidence can only be imagined! It had to be far worse than the Nuremberg Show Trials.