Wikipedia's and RationalWiki's race articles
- 1 Wikipedia's race articles
- 1.1 "Affirmative action"
- 1.2 "Anti-" and "-phobias" articles and "Reverse racism"
- 1.3 "Boasian anthropology"
- 1.4 "Contact hypothesis"
- 1.5 "Cultural Marxism" and "Whiteness studies"
- 1.6 "Ethnic conflicts"
- 1.7 "Ethnocentrism", "Afrocentrism", and "Eurocentrism"
- 1.8 "Eugenics"
- 1.9 "Guns, Germs, and Steel"
- 1.10 "Hate crime" and "Hate speech"
- 1.11 "Historical race concepts"
- 1.12 "IQ and the Wealth of Nations" and "IQ and Global Inequality"
- 1.13 "Miscegenation"
- 1.14 "Nazism and race"
- 1.15 "Race (human categorization)"
- 1.16 “Race, Evolution, and Behavior"
- 1.17 "Race and crime" and "Race and crime in the United States"
- 1.18 "Race and genetics"
- 1.19 "Race and health"
- 1.20 "Racial inequality in the United States"
- 1.21 "Race and intelligence" article
- 1.22 "Race and sports"
- 1.23 "Race and video games"
- 1.24 "Racial bias on Wikipedia"
- 1.25 "Racism"
- 1.26 "Recent African origin of modern humans"
- 1.27 "Scientific racism"
- 1.28 "The Race Question"
- 1.29 "White genocide conspiracy theory"
- 1.30 "White guilt," "White pride", "White privilege", and "White supremacy"
- 1.31 "White people" and "Genetic history of Europe"
- 2 RationalWiki
- 3 See also
- 4 External links
- 5 References
Wikipedia's race articles
- Wikipedia articles related to race and crime, including the many articles on specific crimes, have been criticized for often being biased, censored, and cherry picked. This also regarding included photographs, such as by censoring photographs of non-White perpetrators and White victims.
- "White supremacy" label. See White supremacism.
Some examples of specific articles are mentioned below. There are many other articles and many other problems than the examples mentioned.
- The Wikipedia article "Affirmative action" mentions some criticisms on this, but states nothing on topics such average racial IQ differences or possible genetic explanations for group differences. See Affirmative action.
"Anti-" and "-phobias" articles and "Reverse racism"
- Wikipedia has many articles dedicated to describing claimed "fear", "hostility", "prejudice", and so on, against various groups. The recently popular neologisms including the word "-phobia" automatically label this as similar to irrational mental illnesses. Examples include the articles on "Afrophobia", "Antisemitism", "Islamophobia", and "Sinophobia".
- No such article exists regarding Whites. The closest thing may be the article on "Reverse racism". Redirects to this article include "Anti-White Racism" and similar phrases. The article claims that such racism does not exist and that claiming that such racism exists is actually a form of racism by Whites. The article includes a misleading section on South Africa, which makes no mention of phenomena such as prominent Black leaders singing "Kill the Boer".
- The Wikipedia article does not mention many of the criticisms. See Boasian anthropology and American Anthropological Association.
- "the contact hypothesis has been described as one of the best ways to improve relations among groups that are experiencing conflict." See Contact hypothesis and Ethnic heterogeneity: Ethnic conflicts.
"Cultural Marxism" and "Whiteness studies"
- Wikipedia's former "Cultural Marxism"article has been reduced to a redirect to the "Frankfurt School" article. It claims that the right-wing view on Cultural Marxism is a "conspiracy theory", despite that Cultural Marxists have openly stated their aim to gradually change society by changing culture. See Cultural Marxism.
- "Whiteness studies" is a variant of Cultural Marxism focusing on race as a supposed social construct and vehemently criticizing Whites, including their history, culture, identity, achievements, "privilege", supposed negative effects on non-Whites such as due to White colonialism, and so on. Wikipedia's article on this is generally supportive, although there are some criticisms. At the same time, Wikipedia generally condemns description of, for example, Jewish influence (and especially criticisms of Jewish influence), as false and as anti-Semitism.
- The article states nothing on the strong relationship between ethnic heterogeneity and ethnic conflicts. See Ethnic heterogeneity: Ethnic conflicts.
- The article states nothing on possible genetic/evolutionary causes of ethnic/racial conflicts. See Racial genetic interests.
"Ethnocentrism", "Afrocentrism", and "Eurocentrism"
- Wikipedia's articles on "Ethnocentrism" and "Eurocentrism" describe these as bad, but the article on "Afrocentrism" describes this as good. See Ethnocentrism.
- The Wikipedia article "Eugenics" states nothing on dysgenics, despite that the need to counteract this has both historically and currently been one of the principal arguments by eugenics supporters. See dysgenics and eugenics.
"Guns, Germs, and Steel"
- Wikipedia's article does not mention many of the criticisms of the book. See Guns, Germs, and Steel.
"Hate crime" and "Hate speech"
- Problems include not mentioning various criticisms involving these concepts, not mentioning phenomena such as fake hate crimes, not mentioning the frequency of anti-White crimes, and not mentioning anti-White bias by law enforcement and mass media. See Hate crime and hate speech.
"Historical race concepts"
- The Wikipedia article argues for the politically correct, but incorrect view, that race is a social construct, which essentially did not exist before being invented by Europeans relatively recently. "The word race itself is modern and was used in the sense of "nation, ethnic group" during the 16th to 19th century, and only acquired its modern meaning in the field of physical anthropology from the mid 19th century. The politicization of the field under the concept of racism in the 20th century". See Race: Early history and Racism: Race research and the origin of racism.
- Charles Darwin is misrepresented as being a political correct race denialist. See Charles Darwin.
- "The 20th-century criticism of racial anthropology were significantly based on the school of Franz Boas". See Boasian anthropology.
"IQ and the Wealth of Nations" and "IQ and Global Inequality"
- The articles on the books IQ and the Wealth of Nations and IQ and Global Inequality contain various misleading or incorrect criticisms. See Countries and intelligence.
- The Wikipedia article states nothing on many of the issues mentioned in effects of race mixing.
"Nazism and race"
"Race (human categorization)"
- The article (and Wikipedia more generally) incorrectly implies that race is a concept that is "owned" by anthropologists, and especially by physical anthropologists. See Physical anthropology.
- Wikipedia's article dislikes "essentialism", but is unclear and contradictory on what this is supposed to be. "Social conceptions and groupings of races vary over time, involving folk taxonomies that define essential types of individuals based on perceived traits. Scientists consider biological essentialism obsolete [...] In the early 20th century, many anthropologists taught that race was an entirely biologically phenomenon and that this was core to a person's behavior and identity, a position commonly called racial essentialism." See Essentialism.
“Race, Evolution, and Behavior"
- The Wikipedia article on the book Race, Evolution, and Behavior makes no mention, for example, of later supporting research. See Differential K theory.
"Race and crime" and "Race and crime in the United States"
- The articles "Race and crime" and "Race and crime in the United States" claim that the political correct factors poverty and bias in the justice system explain race differences regarding crime, not even mentioning genetic differences as a possibility, except very briefly as a supposedly ancient and discredited theory. See Race and crime.
"Race and genetics"
- "It may be objected that the racial stereotypes have a consistency that allows even the layman to classify individuals. However, the major stereotypes, all based on skin color, hair color and form, and facial traits, reflect superficial differences that are not confirmed by deeper analysis with more reliable genetic traits". Old, politically correct statement that is completely false, since different ancestries/races can be distinguished and classified extremely accurately with genetic testing. See the studies classifying race/ancestry extremely well that are mentioned here: Arguments regarding the existence of races: Lewontin's fallacy. Regarding "race is just skin deep" arguments, see Arguments regarding the existence of races: The existence of races and the existence of genetic differences between human populations.
- "the cluster structure of genetic data is dependent on the initial hypotheses of the researcher and the populations sampled." See Arguments regarding the existence of races: Genetic clusters.
- "Correspondence between genetic clusters in a population (such as the current US population) and self-identified race or ethnic groups does not mean that such a cluster (or group) corresponds to only one ethnic group. African Americans have an estimated 10–20-percent European genetic admixture; Hispanics have European, Native American and African ancestry. In Brazil there has been extensive admixture between Europeans, Amerindians and Africans." See Race: Mixed race groups.
- "While acknowledging Lewontin's observation that humans are genetically homogeneous, A. W. F. Edwards in his 2003 paper "Human Genetic Diversity: Lewontin's Fallacy"". Lewontin did not claim that and Edwards did not acknowledge such a claim. Regarding Lewontin's fallacy, see Arguments regarding the existence of races: Genetic variation between populations compared to the genetic variation in populations.
"Race and health"
- "Controversy regarding race in biomedicine". See Race and health and Arguments regarding the existence of races: Disease arguments.
"Racial inequality in the United States"
- The article does not mention genetic differences as a possible contributing factor.
"Race and intelligence" article
- "Currently, there is no non-circumstantial evidence that these differences in test scores have a genetic component". See Race and intelligence: The genetics or not debate: Direct genetic evidence.
- "The Bell Curve [...] During the debates following the book's publication the American Anthropological Association and the American Psychological Association (APA) published official statements regarding the issue, both highly skeptical of some of the book's claims, although the APA report called for more empirical research on the issue." Misleading description, see Race and intelligence: History.
- "Claims of races having different intelligence were used to justify colonialism, slavery, racism, social Darwinism, and racial eugenics." See Arguments regarding the existence of races: Emotional and censorship arguments and the individual articles on these topics.
- "The first practical intelligence test was developed between 1905 and 1908 by Alfred Binet in France for school placement of children. Binet warned that results from his test should not be assumed to measure intelligence or used to label individuals permanently." Wikipedia tries to imply that Binet's personal opinion discredits IQ tests, ignoring that this early test was different from more recent test, and that there is an enormous amount of empirical evidence supporting IQ tests. See Race and intelligence: Significance of IQ differences and Intelligence quotient.
- "The majority of anthropologists today consider race to be a sociopolitical phenomenon rather than a biological one, a view supported by considerable genetics research. The current mainstream view in the social sciences and biology is that race is a social construction based on folk ideologies that construct groups based on social disparities and superficial physical characteristics." False, the statements regarding anthropologists only applies to selected groups, such as members of the highly political and leftist American Anthropological Association (and then only if ignoring fields such as American forensic anthropologists, who actually study and use biological races, unlike most American anthropologists). More generally, see Arguments regarding the existence of races: Views of scientists.
- Despite Wikipedia supposedly disliking "primary sources", and censor any such if they do not support politically correct views, such sources are allowed and cited in the article, if they support the politically correct views.
"Race and sports"
- Unlike Wikipedia's other race articles, Wikipedia's "Race and sports" article is rather supportive of genetics explaining part of the racial differences regarding sports. There is a section called "Black athletic superiority". See Race and sports.
"Race and video games"
- The article "Race and video games" lists various criticisms of lack of "diversity" in the games industry and video games, as well demands for politically correct censorship of video games. See also Gamergate.
- Blacks are over-represented as playable characters in sports games, but this is not criticized as lack of "diversity", but instead criticized as "high-tech blackface", "a digital form of minstrelsy that allows white players to effectively 'try on' blackness without being forced to acknowledge or confront the degrading racist histories surrounding minstrelsy."
- The article has criticisms of strategy games which allow colonialism. Especially if not including politically correct propaganda regarding this.
- Wikipedia makes no mention of the criticisms of biased WWII computer games, which as just one example often refer to claimed German atrocities, but not to claimed mass killings of Germans by the WWII Allies.
"Racial bias on Wikipedia"
- Despite the massive anti-White bias of Wikipedia, the Wikipedia article "Racial bias on Wikipedia" actually claims that there is a pro-White bias in Wikipedia. This due to White editors being over-represented compared to some other group(s) and there supposedly being under-representation of articles on topics such as Black history and prominent Black individuals. No mention is made of less politically correct explanations for such differences.
- No mention is made of topics such as Jewish hasbara involving Wikipedia.
- Generally, see the article on Racism and articles on topics such as White supremacy, Slavery, Colonialism, and so on.
- "Racism has also been associated with lower childhood IQ in an analysis of 15,000 people in the UK." Se Racism: IQ and "prejudice".
"Recent African origin of modern humans"
- The Wikipedia article "Recent African origin of modern humans" is rather unclear on that the most strict and politically correct form of this theory has been recently discredited and makes statements such as "The single-origin hypothesis is cited as having the scientific consensus as of the mid-2000s". See Recent African origin of modern humans.
- The article "Scientific racism" states that this is "the pseudoscientific belief that empirical evidence exists to support or justify racism (racial discrimination), racial inferiority, or racial superiority; alternatively, it is the practice of classifying individuals of different phenotypes or genotype into discrete races. Historically it received credence in the scientific community, but is no longer considered scientific." Regarding the view of scientists on the existence of races, see above. See also Racism: "Scientific racism"
- "After the end of World War II, scientific racism in theory and action was formally denounced, especially in UNESCO's early antiracist statement "The Race Question" (1950)". See The Race Question.
"The Race Question"
- Several Wikipedia race articles link to "The Race Question" article and openly state or indirectly imply that this 1950 unsourced declaration supposedly disproved races. There is a template called "Historical race concepts", which includes a section on "Writings", with "The Race Question" as the supposed final writing on the topic. See The Race Question.
"White genocide conspiracy theory"
- The Wikipedia article "White genocide conspiracy theory" makes no mention of the demographic changes described in White demographics.
- Instead, all discussion on this topic is implied to involve a "conspiracy theory", which is a straw man description.
- Regarding the genocide argument made by some (but not all) who have discussed the demographic changes (and which may or may not involve conspiracy claims regarding some aspects), see White demographics: Demographic genocide and The Mantra.
- Wikipedia uses a similar tactic regarding Islamization and anti-Islamization, implying that all discussions on this involve a conspiracy theory, described in the Wikipedia article "Eurabia", which is another straw man.
"White guilt," "White pride", "White privilege", and "White supremacy"
- These Wikipedia articles have various problems and biases.
"White people" and "Genetic history of Europe"
- Much of the Wikipedia article "White people" consists of arguing that races, and especially Whites, are recent social constructs. See the section on the "Historical race concepts" article.
- Much the remaining content consists of anti-White views.
- No mention is made of European genetic history or genetics more generally in the "White people" article. See Europeans.
- Wikipedia has no "Europeans" article. The term instead redirects to the article "Ethnic groups in Europe", which includes various non-European groups.
- Wikipedia has a rather hard to find and technical article on the "Genetic history of Europe". The introduction misleadingly implies that "genetic diversity" is high among Europeans (in turn implying that Europeans should not be considered to be a race). However, the article later admits that "Geneticists have found that Europe is relatively genetically homogeneous" and ""there is low apparent diversity in Europe with the entire continent-wide samples only marginally more dispersed than single population samples elsewhere in the world".
RationalWiki's article "Racialism" has been given "GOLD status for quality" and is a "Cover story article". This supposedly means that this is the best article quality RationalWiki has and that the "standards are nosebleedingly high!"
This despite much of the text being a confused mess of unclear ramblings, often to such a degree that it passes into incomprehensible gibberish. Regarding the parts of the text that can actually be decrypted, see below regarding examples of problems (there are many others).
- Generally, the article endlessly repeats variations of the discredited "cline" argument (continuous change of genetic differences) and the discredited "Lewontin's fallacy" argument (looking at single genetic markers instead of large groups of genetic markers). See:
- "Racialism is the idea that humanity can be easily divided into well-defined categories ("races") that are both broad (each category should include many humans, such as entire continents) and clearly-defined". Straw man definition in various ways, ignoring that races can include much smaller groups than "entire continents" and ignoring that races may be somewhat fuzzy concept in border areas between groups, rather than always necessarily being "clearly-defined". See the Race and Arguments regarding the existence of races articles.
- "racialism relies upon the idea that large clusters of people who are homogeneous within the cluster". Another straw man definition, race realists have never argued that, for example, the major races/clusters are "homogeneous", but instead that they are composed of different minor races/clusters. More generally, there is in the article the idea that one must choose between looking at large groups or at small groups, when instead it is possible to look at both.
- The article also otherwise several times repeats the claim that races can only be very large groups. Regarding this, see Arguments regarding the existence of races: Large or small races?.
- "Very few racialists call themselves "racialist". Their preferred labels include scientific racism (pre–2000), race realism or racial realism (post–2000), and human biodiversity or HBD (post–2010)". "Preferred labels" do not and have never included "scientific racism". Human biodiversity is a much broader concept than race realism.
- "Racialism was first developed in the 1700s." Actually, race realist views existed much earlier, although the scientific study of race started in the 1700s, as discussed in the Race article.
- The article claims that very variable definitions of race and racial classifications have been used since the scientific study of race started and claims that this is an argument against the existence of races. See Arguments regarding the existence of races: Variable definitions of race and variable racial classifications?
- Modern scientific consensus is strongly against the race concept (though not unanimously)". Only way to get such a "consensus" is by selectively citing only certain groups who know very little about genetics and/or who place leftist egalitarian ideology before science. See Arguments regarding the existence of races: Views of scientists and American Anthropological Association.
- "Moreover, at the point where you are using >10,000 polymorphisms, races like "white" and "black" have utterly ceased to exist and are replaced with innumerable smaller groups." Whoever wrote this apparently thinks that when using more genetic markers for classification, one must be studying smaller population groups, which is a completely false and very strange belief.
- Possibly related to the above false belief: "Moreover, with enough genetic information (i.e. more than 1000 genetic loci), it is possible to quite accurately identify the geographic origin of a sampled person's ancestors, but only when the chosen regions are quite distinct. (Or: Icelanders and Ashkenazi Jews might be genetic clusters, but "Caucasians", "Mongoloids", and "Negroes" are not)." Of course, if a person is identified as "Icelander", then the person is also identified as European and Caucasoid. See also .
- "The geographical pattern to human interpopulation variation, matches an almost continuous gradient/isolation-by-distance model as little as 1.53% of this variation is unexplained by geographic distance, and can be captured by clustering." The cited study actually states "The regression equation is Fst = 0.0032 + 0.0049D + 0.0153B, where D is distance in thousands of kilometers. By dividing the regression coefficients for B and D, it can be observed that crossing one of the barriers adds an equivalent amount of genetic distance as traveling approximately 3,100 km on the same side of the barrier". Considering that the distance between, say, the southernmost part of Africa and the northernmost part of Europe is around 10,000 kilometers, it should be obvious that the 0.0153B coefficient in this equation is not equal to 1.53% of geographic distance variation. The study also states that this "constitute a relatively small fraction of human genetic variation" but also that this "supports a view in which the clusters arise not as an artifact of the sampling scheme". More generally, another "cline" argument, again see Arguments regarding the existence of races: Continuous change of genetics and characteristics?
- ""Y-chromosome haplogroups", "Lactose intolerance"", "Type B blood", "Sickle-cell anemia risk" do not follow racial lines. A straw man, race realists do not argue that they do. Actually another example of Lewontin's fallacy, looking at single markers/traits instead of many. See also Race: Straw men definitions.
- "the Human Genome Project [...] While different genes for physical traits such as skin and hair color can be identified between individuals, no consistent patterns of genes across the human genome exist to distinguish one race from another." Old, politically correct statement that is completely false, since different ancestries/races can be distinguished extremely accurately with genetic testing. Likely another example of Lewontin's fallacy. See the studies classifying race/ancestry extremely well that are mentioned here: Arguments regarding the existence of races: Lewontin's fallacy.
- The article has a "trellis" diagram which is supposed to show that "gene admixture" between different groups disproves the existence of races. However, while it is trivially true that neighboring groups often have had some mixing, if there in the past had been very extensive and long-distance mixing as claimed, then there would be no or only very small group differences regarding characteristics such as skin color. See also Race: Mixed race groups.
Sections on specific areas:
- "Race and sporting ability". States that environmental factors influence this, something not denied by race realists. Yet another straw man. See Race and sports.
- "Race and medicine". See Arguments regarding the existence of races: Disease arguments.
- "Race and forensic anthropology". The article gives much space to criticisms of racial classifications by forensic anthropologists. Such classifications are often difficult due to often being based on only partial skeletal remains, such as poorly preserved skulls. As such, possible problems with such classifications have little relevance for race questions in general and classifications based on genetic testing. Regarding "cline" arguments involving this, see above. Also, the accuracy of such skeletal racial classification increases if using several skeletal characteristics instead of only one skeletal characteristic, see Arguments regarding the existence of races: Lewontin's fallacy.
Race and intelligence:
- Many of the arguments regarding this involve criticisms of brain and skull size measurements. See Race and intelligence: The genetics or not debate: Brain size.
- "Since most human intelligence is in fact social intelligence — the main thing the human mind is built for is networking in human societies". No evidence is presented for this claim. See also Arguments regarding the existence of races: Identical social environment?.
- "the Flynn effect". See Race and intelligence: The genetics or not debate: The Flynn effect.
- "Relevant to this discussion also is Eric Turkheimer's study of twins separated at birth and raised in different socioeconomic environments." See Race and intelligence: The genetics or not debate: Heritability and the "default hypothesis".
- The article sometimes confuses race with subspecies which is a more strict concept. Not all races are subspecies. Thus, even if human subspecies do not exist, this does not mean that human races do not exist. Furthermore, it states that ''Wright (1978) calculated FST values under 5% indicate little genetic differentiation between populations, 5% to 15%, moderate genetic differentiation, 15% to 25%, great genetic differentiation, and above 25%, very great differentiation which is the threshold for subspecies (races)." Wright had no such "threshold" and instead stated regarding human major races that "if racial differences this large were seen in another species, they would be called subspecies". The 25% "threshold" or "cutoff" is a common race denialist fallacy, based on an error in an influential 1998 article that confused a morphological rule with a genetic rule. See Arguments regarding the existence of races: Comparisons with recognized subspecies.
- "To deny the existence of subspecies in Homo sapiens is not to deny biological variation between populations; there is human population structure. Misrepresenting anti-racialism as the position that "all human populations are identical" or there are "no differences between populations" is a common tactic among racialists." The first sentence is actually correct. However, race denialists routinely deny that there are any important differences between different groups, except regarding physical appearance and some other unimportant characteristics. See Arguments regarding the existence of races: The existence of races and the existence of genetic differences between human populations.
- Wikipedia on race - Published in 2008
- Wikipedia’s Censors are Hard at Work, Ensuring That Readers Do Not Learn about Crimes Committed by Members of “Protected Classes” Against Members of “Non-Protected” Classes https://nicholasstixuncensored.blogspot.com/2010/12/wikipedias-censors-are-hard-at-work.html