Nordicism

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Map of typical cephalic index in different parts of Europe according to The Races of Europe by William Z. Ripley (1899).

Nordicism was a historical ideology/movement that in the late 19th and early 20th centuries advocated the existence of a Nordic race and the promotion of its interests. It is often claimed to have advocated "supremacism" (the view that other races should be conquered/subjugated), but prominent Nordicists advocated racial segregation/separation and worried about the Nordic race disappearing due to non-Nordic mass immigration.[1][2]

The Nordic race was seen as distinct from the Alpine race and the Mediterranean race. These groups (and possibly others) were seen as subdivisions of the Caucasian race.[1]

Morphologically the Nordic race was argued to be associated with characteristics such as blue eyes, blonde hair, and tallness. However, more important than these was a craniometric measure, having a high cephalic index - a head that is considerably longer, front to back, than it is wide.[1]

Some Nordicists made far reaching claims of much of distinguished world history being the work of Nordics. Thus, for example, rulers of ancient Egypt, the Aryan invaders of India, and most of the great men of the Italian Renaissance could be argued to be Nordics.[2]

Nordicists could be politically active and advocate measures such as restricting non-Nordic immigration to the United States, leaving all non-White territories such as Puerto Rico, and avoiding attempting to spread "American" values to non-Whites, since their own ways of doing things for them may be as good or better.[2]

An influential book was The Passing of the Great Race by Madison Grant.

Nordicism largely disappeared after WWII. Even the prominent anthropologist and race realist Carleton Coon, who battled the rising influence of race denialism during the 1960s, defined Nordicism as “the misuse of racial terminology for political purposes, based on the unproved assumption that Nordics are superior in mental and moral attributes to members of other races.[1]

The race realist Jared Taylor wrote in a 2009 article on Nordicism that "Perhaps it really is all nonsense, though northern Europeans seem to differ from southerners in both appearance and temperament, and it would seem unlikely that if European groups have consistent differences in skull shape there would be no differences inside the skull. Science is not likely to look closely into this question, however, and there are other group differences that are far more worthy of study."[1]

Some aspects of Nordicism may possibly be related to Other race differences: North-south differences. There are also argued east-west differences in Europe. See Other race differences: Hajnal line.

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