Bernhard Weiß (or Weiss) (30 July 1880 – 29 July 1951) was a German Jewish lawyer and Vice-President of the Berlin police during the Weimar Republic. A member of the liberal Deutsche Demokratisch Partei, Weiß was known as a key player in the political tensions during the Weimar Republic and an opponent of both Communist and National Socialist activity in the city.
Born in Berlin into a liberal Jewish family, Weiß was active in the Jewish community of Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia, and was a board member of the (reform) rabbinical seminary and a member of the Central Union of German Citizens of Jewish Belief, the organization dedicated to protecting the civil and social rights of Jews in Germany while at the same time cultivating their German identity.
World War I
In 1904, Weiß volunteered to undergo military training and was commissioned as a reserve officer in the Royal Bavarian Army, as Jews were not accepted in the Prussian Army. During the First World War he was promoted to the rank of Captain (Rittmeister) as the officer in charge of a medical company.
Weiß held a Doctorate in Law and made a name for himself as an efficient lawyer and judge becoming the first Jew to enter the Civil Service in pre-Weimar Germany.
In 1918 Weiß was appointed Deputy Chief of the Berlin Criminal Police, the Kripo (and became its head in 1925). Two years later, in 1920, he was made Head of the Political Police and was appointed Vice-President of the entire Berlin police force in 1927, in which year Weiß ordered the shutting down of the Berlin branch of the National Socialist Party, and in the same year had 500 of their members arrested for belonging to an illegal organization when they returned from a rally in Nuremberg. On several occasions Weiß also prevented Dr. Goebbels from speaking at National Socialist meetings. In 1928 Weiß's Jewish friend Robert Kempner was advanced to Chief Legal Advisor to the Prussian police.
In 1951, shortly before becoming a German citizen again, he died of cancer in London.
Today, off Berlin's Alexanderplatz, the former Neue Königstraße is renamed Bernhard-Weißstraße. Whether this was done by the DDR or the post-1991 Liberal-Left fraternity is not known.
- Michael Berger: "Bernhard Weiß, preußischer Jude und Offizier", in: Eisernes Kreuz und Davidstern. Die Geschichte Jüdischer Soldaten in Deutschen Armeen, trafo verlag, Berlin 2006, ISBN|3-89626-476-1, p. 203–207.
- Michael Berger: "Dr. Bernhard Weiß. Sein Kampf für Demokratie und Rechtsstaat in der Weimarer Republik" in: Eisernes Kreuz – Doppeladler – Davidstern. Juden in deutschen und österreichisch-ungarischen Armeen. Der Militärdienst jüdischer Soldaten durch zwei Jahrhunderte, trafo verlag, Berlin 2010, ISBN|978-3-89626-962-1, p. 146–150.
- Dietz Bering: Kampf um Namen. Bernhard Weiß gegen Joseph Goebbels. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1991.
- Joachim Rott: Bernhard Weiß (1880–1951), Hentrich & Hentrich, Berlin 2008, ISBN-3-938485-54-X.
- Bjoern Weigel: "Bernhard Weiß" in: Wolfgang Benz (Hrsg.): Handbuch des Antisemitismus - Judenfeindschaft in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Band 2: "Personen", de Gruyter/Saur, Berlin 2009, ISBN|978-3-598-24072-0, p. 880–882.