National Bolshevism

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National Bolshevism refers to several different political ideologies/movements claimed to combine elements of nationalism and Bolshevism.

Eurasianist / Neo-Eurasianist associated views

The term "National Bolshevism" has often been applied to certain anti-liberal ideologies/movements supporting some form of cooperation between the Soviet Union/Russia and (parts of) Europe/Asia, often in opposition to liberalism claimed to be associated with England/America. In this sense, there are various associations with Eurasianism.

One example was in parts of the Conservative Revolutionary movement in the Weimar Republic, notably Ernst Niekisch. The term National Bolshevism itself originates from this period.

The more left-wing parts of the NSDAP, notably associated with Gregor Strasser and Otto Strasser, may be described as having National Bolshevist associations.

In the postwar period, the term has been applied to certain pro-Russian ideologies/movements, notably the National Bolshevik Party and certain views associated with notably Aleksandr Dugin and Neo-Eurasianism.

Other senses / terms

The term has sometimes been applied to Joseph Stalin's alleged policy of "socialism in one country". See also Soviet offensive plans controversy.

The term has sometimes been applied to (some) of the view of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.

There is also the similar term "national communism", which has been applied to, for example, Yugoslav Communism, which aimed to have a form of Communism independent from the Soviet Union.

External links

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.