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Emblem of the National Fascist Party, including a fasces, the etymological source for the term fascism.

Fascism (Italian: Fascismo) in a narrow sense refers to Italian fascism, the ideology of several organizations and parties associated with Benito Mussolini, notably the National Fascist Party that ruled Italy from 1922 when it took parliamentary power in the Kingdom of Italy with the March on Rome. Claims regarding Italian fascism are controversial and vary widely, and may be problematic for reasons such as Allied psychological warfare and the associations with National Socialist Germany.


Italian Fascist poster from the 1920s.
Hundreds of Roman salutes (saluti romani) on 7 January 2024 in Rome in front of the former MSI headquarters commemorating three young patriots of the Youth Front murdered there in January 1978[1] during the "Ambush in Acca Larenzia": Franco Bigonzetti, Francesco Ciavatta and Stefano Recchioni. Vincenzo Segneri was wounded, but survived.[2]

It was an early and influential part of the broader fascism (broad sense) movement, in Italy in particular having influences such as Italian nationalism, Ancient Rome, Futurism, and national syndicalism/corporatism.

Mussolini briefly described fascism as in a sense being totalitarianism, which is very often mentioned by critics of both Italian fascism and fascism more generally, but his meaning of the word was not the current politically correct negative meaning of the word.

Even some politically correct sources state that

"It should be noted that there is widespread disagreement among commentators about whether Italian Fascism is properly classified as a totalitarian system. Hannah Arendt and George Kennan thought otherwise. Mussolini's regime, on such accounts, is best comprehended as an extreme form of dictatorship or, according to Juan Linz, a species of "authoritarianism." Though preeminent, it shared power with other collective actors such as the monarchy, the military, and the Catholic Church [...] Mussolini was domestically ousted in a way that indicates a far more precarious grip on power than either Hitler or Stalin evinced." and "Although the term itself was first applied by Mussolini to his fascist state, his rule of Italy—in retrospect, and in comparison with its National Socialist German and Communist Russian contemporaries—is not usually described as totalitarian. Nor does the term apply to other fascist or dictatorial regimes, such as those of Horthy in Hungary, Pilsudski in Poland, Franco in Spain, Salazar in Portugal, and Peron in Argentina."[3]

See also

External links

Arktos Journal


The Occidental Observer



  1. One of the weapons used in the 1978 ambush by communists, a Skorpion machine gun, was later found in a Red Brigades hideout on Via Dogali in Milan in 1988. Ballistic tests revealed that the same weapon was used in three other Red Brigades murders: that of economist Ezio Tarantelli in 1985, former mayor of Florence Lando Conti in 1986, and Christian Democrat senator Roberto Ruffilli in 1988.
  2. Acca Larentia, centinaia di saluti romani, la Repubblica
  3. Totalitarianism, encyclopedia.com