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Holocaust camps refer to various non-voluntary camps allegedly involved in the Holocaust.
Different types of camps
A camp is a place usually away from urban areas, where tents or simple buildings are erected for shelter or for temporary residence, such as for laborers, prisoners, or vacationers.
There are several different types of non-voluntary camps (the same camp may have several of these functions simultaneously):
- Prison camps for convicted prisoners.
- POW camps for prisoners of war.
- Concentration camps typically used to concentrate and control the activities of a hostile or a possibly hostile population. The term was created in reference to such camps used by the British during the Second Boer War, in order to prevent the Boer population from helping the Boer forces/partisans.
- Labor camps typically used for forced labor. The Gulag camp system in the Soviet Union was one example.
- Extermination camps typically refer to camps that use methods such as gassings in order to exterminate large numbers.
- Transit camps are used for purposes such as very temporary residence, while waiting for or changing trains.
Alleged National Socialist extermination camps
The most notable alleged National Socialist extermination camps were six camps located in Poland:
- Auschwitz - allegedly a combined extermination/forced labor camp that used the delousing agent Zyklon B for gas killings. Revisionist argue that it was a combined concentration/forced labor/transit camp. By far the most well-known camp.
- Majdanek - allegedly a combined extermination/forced labor camp that used Zyklon B, carbon monoxide, and mass shootings for killings. Revisionist argue that it was a combined concentration/forced labor/transit camp.
- Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka - allegedly pure extermination camps that used carbon monoxide for killings. Revisionists argue that they were transit camps.
In addition, some other camps are sometimes also alleged to have been (in part) extermination camps such as Maly Trostenets (Belarus), Risiera di San Sabba (Italy), Sajmište (Serbia), and Stutthof (Poland). The Jasenovac camp in Croatia was not operated by National Socialist Germany but by the Ustaše regime.
Western Holocaust camps
Various western Holocaust camps in Germany were earlier alleged to have been large scale extermination camps. These claims have now been abandoned. Revisionists have argued that the claims regarding non-German extermination camps relies on evidence not substantially different from that which was earlier claimed to support the existence of large scale extermination camps in Germany.
See Holocaust ghettos.
Tens of thousands of additional camps and ghettos "discovered"
See Holocaust motivations: Holocaust revisionist views on motivations for the camps and deportations and Holocaust demographics regarding general revisionist views on the alleged extermination camps and their demographics. See also the "External links" section.
- Danzig-Matzkau - a prison camp for SS personnel who committed crimes, including against prisoners in the Holocaust camps, likely completely unknown to the general public as a not politically correct German camp.
- Camp. Merriam-Webster. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/camp
- Holocaust Handbooks, Volume 15: Germar Rudolf: Lectures on the Holocaust—Controversial Issues Cross Examined 2nd, revised and corrected edition. http://holocausthandbooks.com/index.php?page_id=15