Fatherland and Motherland
Fatherland or Motherland is the land of one's "fathers", "mothers", "forefathers" or "ancestors". It can be viewed as an ethnic/racial nationalist concept, if it refers to an area associated with an ethnic/racial group, such as a nation state.
The terms fatherland and motherland refers to an anthropomorphized conception of certain lands. Fatherland is a translation of Latin "patria" (from "pater", meaning "father") and is related to terms such as patriotism. Such terms are, at least in their original meanings, examples of ethnic/racial groups loyalties often being compared to loyalties to relatives, which may be related to genetic similarities. See the article on Racial genetic interests, in particular the section Racial genetic interests: Ethnicity and territory.
Prior to World War II, such terms were used throughout the world and often with positive connotations, reflecting positive views on nationalism. For example, Wien Neêrlands Bloed, national anthem of the Netherlands between 1815 and 1932, makes extensive and conspicuous use of the parallel Dutch word.
More recently, such terms have become less common and are often viewed more negatively in many countries, due to increasing political correctness.
"Homeland" is a more politically correct and more civic nationalist somewhat similar term.
"It can mean “one’s native land” or “the home of one’s ancestors.” It’s slightly younger than fatherland and motherland, attested in the early 1600s. Early uses of homeland have the sense of “domestic,” as opposed to “foreign,” e.g., homeland business. This sense of homeland survives today in phrases like homeland security. While the phrase dates back to the 1930s, it spread in the early 2000s in the US with the creation of the Department of Homeland Security after 9/11. The department specifically deals with threats of terrorism, whereas national security encompasses a broader range of issues."
- When To Use Motherland vs. Fatherland https://www.dictionary.com/e/motherland-vs-fatherland/