The Hitler Youth (German: Hitlerjugend, often abbreviated as HJ in German) was the youth organisation of the NSDAP. Its origins dated back to 1922. From 1933 until 1945, it was the sole official youth organisation in Germany.
For males, there were the "German Youngsters in the Hitler Youth" (German: Deutsches Jungvolk in der Hitler Jugend or "DJ", also "DJV") for those aged 10 to 14 and the "Hitler Youth" proper for those aged 14 to 18.
For females, there were the "Young Girls' League" (German: Jungmädelbund) for those aged 10 to 14 and the "League of German Girls" (German: Bund Deutscher Mädel, abbreviated as BDM) for those aged 14 to 18. In 1938, a third section was introduced, the "Faith and Beauty Society" (German: BDM-Werk Glaube und Schönheit), which was voluntary and open to those aged 17 to 21.
With the surrender of National Socialist Germany in 1945, the organisation ceased to exist. On 10 October 1945, it was formally outlawed by the Allies along with other NSDAP organisations. Under German law, the Hitler Youth is an "unconstitutional organisation" and the distribution or public use of its symbols, except for educational or research purposes, are not permitted.
Baldur von Schirach was the head of the Hitler Youth between 1931 and 1940. He was found guilty at the International Military Tribunal, but not for his Hitler Youth involvement. In 1940, Artur Axmann replaced Schirach. He was sentenced to three years and three months at a "de-Nazification" court.
The politically correct view is that the Hitler Youth was a partially "paramilitary" and "militaristic" organization. See the "External links" section on other views.