Fabian Society

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The Fabian Society is a British socialist organisation, founded in 1884, whose purpose is to advance socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow. A related movement is "Fabianism".

Fabianism is associated with "permeation", which has some similarities with Trotskyist entryism, front organisations, and Cultural Marxist "long march through the institutions". Many members have been from high society or otherwise affluent and privileged, which has been criticized by other leftists.

As one of the founding organisations of the Labour Representation Committee in 1900, and as an important influence upon the Labour Party, which grew from it, the Fabian Society has had a powerful influence on British politics. Generally, a large number of Labour members of Parliament in the House of Commons, as well as many of the party leaders, are Fabians.

The Fabian Society founded the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1895. Today, the society functions primarily as a think tank and is one of 21 socialist societies affiliated with the Labour Party. Similar societies exist in Australia, in Canada, in Sicily, and in New Zealand (The NZ Fabian Society).

Fabianism has also been influential in the United States, notably during the administrations of Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Early Fabianists are stated to have supported some today less politically correct policies, such as eugenics and the "civilizing mission" of colonialism.

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