Esoteric Hitlerism

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Schwarze Sonne (Black Sun)

Esoteric Hitlerism was developed after the Second World War, on the back of esoteric and mystical elements within the Third Reich expressing a new völkisch esoteric Aryan identity. Esoteric Hitlerism includes race-specific references to Hinduism and other Eastern systems (conceived as "pre-Christian" or "purer" than Christianity) in a National Socialist context, particularly focusing on the figure of Adolf Hitler. The two most noted figures of the movement are Savitri Devi and Miguel Serrano, there is also retrospective drawing upon the works of the Traditional School. Leftist Wikipedia lists various vague associations as being included, such as Julius Evola and "neo-völkisch movements".

Esoteric Hitlerism

Savitri Devi

Savitri Devi was the first major post-war exponent of what has since become known as Esoteric Hitlerism.[1] According to which ideology, subsequent to the fall of the Third Reich and Hitler's suicide at the end of the war, Hitler himself could be deified. Devi connected Hitler’s Aryanist ideology to that of the pan-Hindu part of the Indian Independence movement,[2] and activists such as Subhas Chandra Bose. For her, the swastika was a religious symbol.

Savitri Devi, above all, was interested in the Indian caste system, which she regarded as the archetype of racial laws intended to govern the segregation of different races and to maintain the pure blood of the fair-complexioned Aryans. She regarded the survival of the light-skinned minority of Brahmans among an enormous population of many different Indian races after sixty centuries as a living tribute to the value of the Aryan caste system (Goodrick-Clarke, Black Sun, p. 92).

Savitri Devi integrated National Socialism into a broader cyclical framework of Hindu history. She considered Hitler to be Kalki, the tenth and final avatar of Vishnu, and called him “the god-like Individual of our times; the Man against Time; the greatest European of all times”[3], having an ideal vision of returning his Aryan people to an earlier, more perfect time, and also having the practical wherewithal to fight the destructive forces "in Time". She saw his defeat - and the forestalling of his vision from coming to fruition - as a result of him being "too magnanimous, too trusting, too good", of not being merciless enough, of having in his "psychological make-up, too much 'sun' [beneficence] and not enough 'lightning.' [practical ruthlessness]”[4], unlike his coming incarnation:

Kalkiwill act with unprecedented ruthlessness. Contrarily to Adolf Hitler, He will spare not a single one of the enemies of the divine Cause: not a single one of its outspoken opponents but also not a single one of the luke-warm, of the opportunists, of the ideologically heretical, of the racially bastardised, of the unhealthy, of the hesitating, of the all-too-human; not a single one of those who, in body or in character or mind, bear the stamp of the fallen Ages.[5]

Miguel Serrano

The next major figure in Esoteric Hitlerism was Miguel Serrano, a former Chilean diplomat. Author of numerous books including The Golden Ribbon: Esoteric Hitlerism (1978) and Adolf Hitler, the Last Avatar (1984), Serrano is one of a number of Hitler esotericists who regard the "Aryan blood" as originally extraterrestrial:

"Serrano finds mythological evidence for the extraterrestrial origins of man in the Nephilim [fallen angels] of the Book of Genesis....Serrano suggests that the sudden appearance of Cro-Magnon Man with his high artistic and cultural achievements in prehistoric Europe records the passage of one such divya-descended race alongside the abysmal inferiority of Neanderthal Man, an abomination and manifest creation of the demiurge....Of all the races on earth, the Aryans alone preserve the memory of their divine ancestors in their noble blood, which is still mingled with the light of the Black Sun. All other races are the progeny of the demiurge's beast-men, native to the planet."[6]

Serrano supports this idea from various myths which assign divine ancestry to 'Aryan' peoples, and even the Aztec myth of Quetzalcoatl (one of the 'White Gods' of the ancient Americas) descending from Venus. He also cites the entirely respectable (but not widely accepted) scientific hypothesis of Bal Gangadhar Tilak on the Arctic homeland of the Indo-Aryans, as his authority for identifying the earthly centre of the Aryan migrations with the 'lost' Arctic continent of Hyperborea. Thus, Serrano's extraterrestrial gods are also identified as Hyperboreans.[7]

In attempting to raise the spiritual development of the earthbound races, the Hyperborean divyas (a Sanskrit term for god-men) suffered a tragic setback. Expanding on a story from the Book of Enoch, Serrano laments that a renegade group among the gods committed miscegenation with the terrestrial races, thus diluting the light-bearing blood of their benefactors and diminishing the level of divine awareness on the planet.[8]

The concept of Hyperborea has a simultaneously racial and mystical meaning for Serrano.[9] He believes that Hitler was in Shambhala, an underground centre in Antarctica (formerly at the North Pole and Tibet), where he was in contact with the Hyperborean gods and from whence he would someday emerge with a fleet of UFOs to lead the forces of light (the Hyperboreans, sometimes associated with Vril) over the forces of darkness (inevitably including, for Serrano, the Jews who follow Jehovah) in a last battle and thus inaugurating a Fourth Reich.

According to Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke,[10] "Serrano follows the Gnostic tradition of the Cathars (fl. 1025-1244) by identifying the evil demiurge as Jehovah, the God of the Old Testament. As medieval dualists, these eleventh-century heretics had repudiated Jehovah as a false god and mere artificer opposed to the real God far beyond our earthly realm. This Gnostic doctrine clearly carried dangerous implications for the Jews. As Jehovah was the tribal deity of the Jews, it followed that they were devil worshipers. By casting the Jews in the role of the children of Satan, the Cathar heresy can elevate anti-Semitism to the status of a theological doctrine backed by a vast cosmology. If the Hyperborean Aryans are the archetype and blood descendents of Serrano's divyas from the Black Sun, then the archetype of the Lord of Darkness needed a counter-race. The demiurge sought and found the most fitting agent for its archetype in the Jews".

As religious scholars Frederick C. Grant and Hyam Maccoby emphasize, in the view of the dualist Gnostics, "Jews were regarded as the special people of the Demiurge and as having the special historical role of obstructing the redemptive work of the High God's emissaries".[11] Serrano thus considered Hitler as one of the greatest emissaries of this High God, rejected and crucified by the tyranny of the Judaicized rabble like previous revolutionary light-bringers. Serrano had a special place in his ideology for the SS, who, in their quest to recreate the ancient race of Aryan god-men, he thought were above morality and therefore justified, after the example of the anti-humanitarian "detached violence" taught in the Aryo-Hindu Bhagavad Gita.

The collective Aryan unconscious

In the book Black Sun, Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke reports how Carl Gustav Jung described "Hitler as possessed by the archetype of the collective Aryan unconscious and could not help obeying the commands of an inner voice". In a series of interviews between 1936 and 1939, Jung characterized Hitler as an archetype, often manifesting itself to the complete exclusion of his own personality. "'Hitler is a spiritual vessel, a demi-divinity; even better, a myth. Benito Mussolini is a man' [...] the messiah of Germany who teaches the virtue of the sword. 'The voice he hears is that of the collective unconscious of his race'".[12]

Richard Noll has controversially argued that the early Jung was influenced by Theosophy, solar mysticism and völkisch nationalism in developing the ideas on the collective unconscious and the archetypes.[13] Jung's suggestion that Hitler personified the collective Aryan unconscious deeply interested and influenced Miguel Serrano, who later concluded that Jung was merely psychologizing the ancient, sacred mystery of archetypal possession by the gods, independent metaphysical powers that rule over their respective races and occasionally possess their members.[14] A similar esoteric thesis is also put forward by Michael Moynihan in his book Lords of Chaos.

Tempelhofgesellschaft

The older Tempelhofgesellschaft (THG) was build in the 80s by a few members of the National socialist "Erbengemeinschaft der Tempelritter". The leader of this group is an old police man which is living in Germany / Homburg. The younger Tempelhofgesellschaft was founded in Vienna in the early 1990s by Norbert Jurgen-Ratthofer and Ralft Ettl to teach a form of Gnostic religion called Marcionism. This one was a part of the main THG / Homburg. The group identifies an "evil creator of this world," the Demiurge with Jehovah, the God of Judaism. They believe that Jesus Christ was Aryan, not Jewish. They distribute pamphlets claiming that the Aryan race originally came to Atlantis from the star Aldebaran (this information is supposedly based on "ancient Sumerian manuscripts"). They maintain that the Aryans from Aldebaran derive their power from the vril energy of the Black Sun. They teach that since the Aryan race is of extraterrestrial origin (cf. Nordic aliens), it has a divine mission to dominate all the other races. It is believed by adherents of this religion that an enormous space fleet is on its way to Earth from Aldebaran which, when it arrives, will join forces with the Flying Saucers from Antarctica to establish the Western Imperium. [15]

Conspiracy theories and pseudoscience

The writings of Miguel Serrano, Savitri Devi and other proponents of Esoteric National socialism have spawned numerous later works connecting Aryan master race beliefs and National socialist escape scenarios with enduring conspiracy theories about hollow earth civilizations and shadowy new world orders.reference required Since 1945, national writers have also proposed Shambhala and the star Aldebaran as the original homeland of the Aryans. The book Arktos: The Polar Myth in Science, Symbolism, and National Survival, by Hypnerotomachia Poliphili scholar Joscelyn Godwin, discusses pseudoscientific theories about surviving National elements in Antarctica. Arktos is noted for its scholarly approach and examination of many sources currently unavailable elsewhere in English-language translations. Godwin and other authors such as Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke have discussed the connections between Esoteric Hitlerism and Vril energy, the hidden Shambhala and Agartha civilizations, and underground UFO bases, as well as Hitler’s supposed survival in Antarctic oases or in alliance with Hyperboreans from the subterranean world.[16]

Influences within neo-Paganism

also see Germanic mysticism and Nordic racial Paganism

Organizations such as the Armanen-Orden represent significant developments of neo-Pagan esotericism and 'Ariosophy' after World War II, but they do not all constitute forms of Hitlerist esotericism. Some northern European neo-Pagan groups, such as Theods, Ásatrúarfélagið and Viðartrúar, have explicitly stated that Nationalism is not common among their members. On the other hand, there are neo-Pagan organisations with close ties to Nationalism, such as the Artgemeinschaft or the Heathen Front, and the attraction of many Nationalists to Germanic Paganism (Asatru) remains an issue particularly in Germany (see Nornirs Ætt).

"National Socialist satanism" and "National Socialist Black Metal"

:also see Neo-völkisch movements

There is a contemporary loose network of small musical groups that combine neo-fascism and satanism. These groups can be found in Britain, France, and New Zealand, under names such as "Black Order" or "Infernal Alliance", and draw their inspiration from the Esoteric Hitlerism of Miguel Serrano.[17] These groups advocate the anti-modern neo-tribalism and "Traditionalism" found in the "Pagan" mysticist ideals of Alain de Benoist's Nouvelle Droite inspired by Julius Evola.

Esoteric themes, including references to artifacts such as the Spear of Longinus, are also often alluded to in national music (e.g. Rock Against Communism) and above all in National Socialist black metal.[18]

Flying saucers

For a more detailed overview, see the main article Third Reich UFOs.

They are also stories of Flying saucers (German: Rundflugzeug, Feuerball, Diskus, Haunebu, Hauneburg-Geräte, Die Glocke, VRIL, Kugelblitz, Andromeda-Geräte, Flugkreisel, Kugelwaffen or ironically Reichsflugscheiben) in which advanced aircraft or spacecraft were supposedly developed during World War II by the Germans. Some believe that National socialist scientists continued to develop these flying saucers in secret underground bunkers in the New Swabia region of Antarctica. References to such craft appear mostly in science fiction, conspiracy theory, and underground comic book sources.

These stories are often associated with esoteric Nationalism, an ideology that supposes the possibility of National restoration by supernatural or paranormal means.[19]

These myths were likely inspired by historical German development of jet aircraft such as the Me 262, the Horten Ho 229, the guided missile V1 and the ballistic missile V2, the latter forming the basis for the early missile and space programs of both the Soviet Union and the United States.

In 1978 Miguel Serrano, a Chilean diplomat and Esoteric Hitlerist, published The Golden Band, in which he claimed that Adolf Hitler was an avatar of Vishnu and was then communing with the Hyperborean-Aryan gods in an underground Antarctic base in New Swabia. Serrano predicted that Hitler would lead a fleet of UFOs from the base to establish the Fourth Reich.[20] In popular culture, this alleged UFO fleet is referred to as the National socialist flying saucers from Antarctica.

Also See

Further reading

  • Joscelyn Godwin. 1996. Arktos: The Polar Myth in Science, Symbolism, and National socialist Survival. Kempton, Ill.: Adventures Unlimited Press. ISBN 0-932813-35-6.
  • Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke. 1998. Hitler's Priestess: Savitri Devi, the Hindu-Aryan Myth and Nationalism. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-3110-4.
  • Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke. 2002. Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric National socialism and the Politics of Identity. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-3124-4. (Paperback, 2003. ISBN 0-8147-3155-4)

External link

References

  1. See her "Hitlerian Esotericism and the Tradition".
  2. See her "Hitlerism and Hindudom", originally published as "Hitlerism and the Hindu World" in The National Socialist, no. 2 (Fall 1980): 18-20.
  3. From the dedication to her book, The Lightning and the Sun.
  4. The Lightning and the Sun, unabridged edition, p. 53 (http://www.savitridevi.org/lightning-03.html).
  5. The Lightning and the Sun, unabridged edition, p. 430 (http://www.savitridevi.org/lightning-16.html).
  6. Goodrick-Clarke 2003: 181.
  7. Serrano finds supporting evidence in, for example, the Irish legends (recorded in the Book of Invasions) which tell of divine ancestors, Tuatha Dé Danann, arriving from the northern islands; and the Greek tradition according to which Apollo returned every 19 years to Hyperborea in the far north in order to rejuvenate his body and wisdom (Goodrick-Clarke, ibid.).
  8. Goodrick-Clarke, ibid.
  9. Jeffrey, Jason. Hyperborea & the Quest for Mystical Enlightenment, published in New Dawn No. 58 (January-February 2000). Online: [1]
  10. Goodrick-Clarke 2003: 182.
  11. Collier's Encyclopedia Vol. 11, 1997: 166.
  12. Goodrick-Clarke 2002: 178
  13. Goodrick-Clarke 2002: 335 (Note 18 to Chapter 9)
  14. Goodrick-Clarke 2002: 179
  15. Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke (2002). Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric National socialism and the Politics of Identity. New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-3124-4. (Paperback, 2003. ISBN 0-8147-3155-4.)
  16. Godwin 1996, chh. 5-6, 10; Goodrick-Clarke 2002, especially chh. 6-9.
  17. Goodrick-Clarke 2002: 106, 213-231.
  18. National Hate Music: A Guide
  19. Goodrick-Clarke, Nicholas (2002). Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nationalism and the Politics of Identity. New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-3124-4. 
  20. Serrano, Miguel (1978). Das goldene Band: esoterischer Hitlerismus. ISBN 3-926179-20-1.